geo final Flashcards


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created 8 years ago by laurynhelland23
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geography
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1

what are the 7 elements

title, date, source, scale, compass ross, grid, key

2

def of the 7 elements

title- to inform what the map is about

date- to know the map has not been updated and when it was made

scale- reresents the distance and size to a relation of the world

source- who created it

compass rose- indicates direction: north, south, east, and west

grid- longitude and latitude and relative and absoulte loaction

key- smbols used on the map to identify key areas

3

5 themes of geography

movment , human interaction, region, place, location

4

example and def. of movment

def-how ideas, goods, and people move

ex- immigration, billboards, and trading

5

example and def of human interaction

def- how people interact and change their environment

ex- build a bridge for cars, how my modify our environment

6

def and example of location

absolute and relative location

absolute: specific:

ex- kansa is 30 w and 20 N

relative: relative to other places

ex- Kansas east to Missouri

latitude lines: run parallel North to South

longitude: run pole to pole ( go up and down) West to East

latitude and longitude: imaginary lines of the globe

prime meridian : divide the world into hemispheres

7

region

regions can be linked by physical and human characteristics

ex- language, clime , culture

8

what are the four hemisphers

north, west, south east

9

place

what is the land forms, climate ecosystem, are like

what language and customs, beliefs they have ( physical characteristics)

10

what is a satellite

shows images of the earth from space

11

whats GPS

relies on network of satellites orbiting the earth and provides location and time info

12

what's Sonar

analyzes sound to determine distance and direction by sound waves

13

what's GIS

uses computer technology to collect manipulate analyze and display data about earth surface

14

what's relief

the changing elevation of the land is represented by shading colors

ex- deeps of the ocean darker blue

15

name 3 physical features of missouri

hilly, rivers, rebin towns

16

2 ways we depend on the envoriment

jobs and shelter

17

name 3 name human features

white and blacks, English speaking , catholic

18

2 ways we modify our city

built cities, roads and cars

19

2 ways we adapt to environment

clothing for cold weather and built things to help us farm

20

GRAPES

g- geography: landscape, climate and lifestyle ex- life was started along the Nile because of the water

r- religion- beliefs and morals ex- God gave the hebrews the ten commandments

a - accomplishments- the works of society ex- people still visit the pyramids even tho built thousands of years ago

p- politics- how society runs ex- democracy was practicedd in athens

e- economy- how society uses scare resources ex- gold has been valuable resource

s- social structure- different classes of people ex- middle class, upper class lower class

21

characteristics of a country

territory- border

population- people in the country

sovereignty- has a authority within the boundaries

government- maintain order and provide services

22

purpose of gov.

maintain social order: schools, laws, jail

provide service: army, laws, money

23

whats the problem with a globe?

its round

24

what's mercator map

a flatten image of the earth

25

Robinson map

a round image of the earth

26

physical map

displays physical feautres of the place

27

political map

political features on the map

28

special purpose map

displays specific info on the map

29

an economic approach where the government controls all aspects

command economy

30

government stays out economy and allows people to run the economy

laissez faire

31

rule by a few persons

oilgarchy

32

both government and citizens are involved in the economy

mixed market

33

ruled by many people

democracy

34

ideas of a single leader are glorified and one person controls economic and social life

dictatorship

35

government ran by religion

theocracy

36

king, queen, or emperor has supreme power of government

absolute monarchy

37

king , queen or emperor share power with an elected head of state

constitutional monarchy

38

voters elected representatives to make decisions

republic

39

which of the following is not a feature of all the countries in the world

- democracy

- populations

- government

territory

democracy

40

a monarchy that must share power with another group or has no power at all is known as

- constitutional monarchy

- absolute monarchy

totalitarian monarchy

theocratic monarchy

constitutional monarchy

41

the united states government is

republic

42

which of the following countries today practices theocracy

iran

43

which of the following is not requirement for a democracy

- majority rule with minority

- individual liberty

- free elections

- one political

one political party

44

which of the following countries today most accurately represents an oligarchy

china

45

an institution that maintains order, provides services and enforces decisions is know as

government

46

what two forms of command economy

socialism and communism

47

the ultimate goal of a command economy is to promote

equality

48

which of the following provides the best answer for the purpose of government

government purpose is to provide services and maintain social order