Final Vocab

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created 6 years ago by alyssabode
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1

apartheid

Separation of the ethnic groups in South Africa by Afrikaners

2

imperialism

The drive toward the creation and expansion of a colonial empire and its perpetuation

3

Berlin Conference

Giant meeting that was to separate and divide Africa between the European nations

4

Arab

Someone who speaks Arabic or came from the Arabian Peninsula

5

NASWA

(North Asia and South West Asia)

6

Shi'ite

Said only descendants of Ali could be caliph’ they broke away

7

Sunni

Any devout Muslim could be the new ruler

8

Ziggurat

Huge, many-tiered temple

9

Scribe

People who keep the temple records

10

Cuneiform

“wedge” or clay tablet

11

Diaspora

Spreading of Jews- Europe

12

Torah

Hebrew sacred book; law of God revealed by Moses

13

Messiah

Savior anointed by God

14

Parable

A story used to illustrate a moral (passed down)

15

Martyr

Died for his faith/ beliefs

16

Pope

Highest religious leader; Bishop of Rome

17

Hejira

“migration” the start date of the Muslim era

18

Hajj

A pilgrimage to Mecca in each Muslims lifetime

19

Five Pillars

(1) Repeated expressing of the basic creed (2) Daily Prayer (3) A month each year of daytime fasting (4) The giving of alms (5) At least one pilgrimage to Mecca in each Muslims lifetime

20

Koran

Sacred book of Islam

21

Suq

(market place) heart of the city

22

Men of the Pen

Suleiman I’s workers (lawyers and doctors)

23

Men of the sword

Suleiman I’s advisors (Military)

24

Fourteen Points

self-determined peace plan made by Woodrow Wilson

25

Mandate

Official order or commission to do something

26

Caliph

geographic area you rule over

27

Caliphate

An Islamic state led by a Caliph

28

Zionism

Movement for established the state of Israel

29

Cold War

A political hostility between country’s (Between Russia and the U.S.)

30

Terrorism

Politically motivated violence

31

State-sponsored terrorism

Practiced by a government against its own people

32

Anti-Semitism

the hatred of Jews

33

Balfour Declaration

established a “nation home” for Jew

34

Camp David Accords

Israel recognized Egypt as a state, Israel got the Sinai Peninsula; Scarcely addressed other aspects of the Arab-Israeli conflicts

35

Oslo Peace Agreement

For peace; Fell through because of terrorists

36

Palestinian Liberation Organisation

Government body over the West Bank

37

Palestinian Authority

Government of Palestine used to be the PLO

38

Hamas

In charge of Gaza (terrorists)

39

Fatah

Abbas’s political party

40

Intifada

“Shaking off”; hope for peace; halt on attacks on Israel

41

Jihad

Internal- Struggle to be a good person

External- Religious holy war

42

Shah

Ruler of Iran

43

Arab Spring

Protests for an end to authoritarian rule

44

Muslim Brotherhood

Organization that peruses Muslim interests