Chapter 16

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 9 years ago by laurelapush
updated 9 years ago by laurelapush
Grade levels:
9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade, College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
code changes based on your size selection
card image

John Wilkes Booth (VEERAMANI)

Actor who succeed with Shakespeare roles, but lived in his actor brother's shadow. He was a slavery fanatic who made many plans to kidnap Lincoln - none of which worked. On April 14, 1865, he shot Lincoln at Ford's Theater during a play, ran from the scene, and was caught some days later at a farm.

card image

Susan B. Anthony (VEERAMANI)

Teacher who spearheaded the women's rights movements; in 1952 she helped Elizabeth Cady Stanton in organizing the Woman's State Temperance Society; in 1869 she and Stanton formed the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)

card image

Thaddeus Stevens (VEERAMANI)

Northern politician/lawyer who took on the defense of fugitive slaves pro bono. He helped found the Freedmen's Bureau and secured the passage of the 14th Amendment.

card image

Horace Greely (VEERAMANI)

This man was a newspaper editor who founded the New York Tribune and was one of the organizers of the Republican Party. He was very anti-slavery.

card image

Redeemers (VEERAMANI)

Political group made up of pre-war Democrats, Union Whigs, Confederate army veterans, and individuals interested in industrial development. They wanted to "redeem" the South by making reparations for the Civil War.

card image

Night Riders (VEERAMANI)

A violent group that operated from 1906 to 1908. Their mission was to rid the southwestern Kentucky and northwestern Tennessee region of the Duke tobacco monopoly.

card image

Proclamation of Amnesty & Reconstruction (VEERAMANI)

This was a proclamation made by Abraham Lincoln detailing how each state could re-enter the Union. The plan was that 10 percent of those who had voted in the election of 1860 would have to swear loyalty to the Union and accept emancipation for the slaves.

card image

Wade-Davis Bill (VEERAMANI)

This was a bill passed by staunch Republicans to set the groundwork for the Reconstruction policies. It was passed in an effort to keep Lincoln from being lenient with the Southern states.

card image

suffrage rights (ANDERSON)

Suffrage is the right to vote. It was one of the blacks' main aims during Reconstruction, and they gained the right to vote through the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. During the passage of these amendments, women also took up the cry of suffrage, but remained disfranchised for the time being.

card image

Freedmen's Bureau (VEERAMANI)

A U.S. agency that was established during Reconstruction, which intended to help free slaves transition from slavery to freedom. Officially called the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

card image

Black codes (VEERAMANI)

A set of laws instituted during Reconstruction that were designed to restrict the freedoms of former slaves and preserve white supremacy. They had their roots in the slave codes.

card image

Civil Rights Act of 1866 (VEERAMANI)

This is a law passed by the mostly Republican Congress that was intended to protect the rights of freed slaves and to guarantee equal rights to blacks.

card image

Radical Republicans (VEERAMANI)

These were members of the Republican Party (in the 1860s) committed to the emancipation of slaves and the equal treatment of African Americans.

card image

"Black Republicans" (VEERAMANI)

A group of African Americans who aligned with the Republican ideals and became the first black congressmen(14) and senators(2) in the U.S.

card image

13th Amendment (VEERAMANI)

Amendment to the Constitution that abolished slavery.

card image

14th Amendment (VEERAMANI)

Amendment to the Constitution that includes the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses. It answers the questions: who is a citizen of the United States? It also states that states must provide equal protection to all people who live there.

card image

15th Amendment (VEERAMANI)

Amendment to the Constitution that states that Congress cannot deny an individual the right to vote based on skin color (race).

card image

Military Reconstruction Act (VEERAMANI)

Act passed to rebuild the governments of the South by using the governments of the North as examples. It was also instituted to protect the civil rights of the free African Americans in the South by requiring the states in the South to include their rights in their constitutions.

card image

Presidential Impeachment Trial (VEERAMANI)

The Senate wanted to impeach Andrew Johnson, but had no grounds to do so until he committed a crime. He committed that crime in August of 1867, when he violated the Tenure of Office Act. He was put on trial to be impeached, but since the impeachment forces did not fulfill the 2/3 of the votes they needed, he was not impeached.

card image

Tenure of Office Act (VEERAMANI)

This was a law forbidding U.S. presidents to remove civil officers without the consent of the Senate.

card image

Carpetbagger (VEERAMANI)

Term for a A Northerner who traveled to the South after the Civil War for political or financial gain. They basically took advantage of the bad situation.

card image

Scalawag (VEERAMANI)

Derogatory term for white southerners who joined with former slaves and carpetbaggers in support of Republican policies during Reconstruction.

card image


A secret, violent society that was founded in the South, during Reconstruction, and was intended to maintain white supremacy through terrorism.

card image

sharecropping (VEERAMANI)

A system of farming that came out of the plantation system during Reconstruction. It was basically the slavery system, where the slaves worked on the land but received food and shelter, but with this system, the slaves were no longer slaves. The landowners did not own the slaves.

card image

crop lien system (VEERAMANI)

A system of farming where poor farmers used credit before the planting season to borrow money that would be an estimated profit from the expected harvest. It was used during Reconstruction.

card image

"waving the bloody shirt" (VEERAMANI)

Political tactic. Occurs when politicians use the "blood of martyrs" to criticize their opponents.

card image

Liberal Party (BHATIA)

The anti Grant republican party which aimed to stop the corruption in the office by ending the spoils system and replacing the system with civil service. This party endorse Horace Greely as the presidential candidate.

card image

Pendleton Act/Civil Service Reform Act (VEERAMANI)

A civil service act that aimed to reform the "spoils system" by voiding many political appointments in favor of jobs only given to candidates who met certain standards of merit

card image


(also called the Civil Rights Act of 1871) This was an act passed by Congress during Reconstruction, that was intended to protect African Americans from the Klu Klux Klan.

card image

Civil Rights Act of 1875 (VEERAMANI)

Law passed to ensure that all people - regardless of skin color - were entitled to "the full and equal enjoyment" of of inns, public transportation, theaters, and other places of entertainment.

card image

Slaughterhouse cases (BHATIA)

A series of cout cases that undermined reconstruction. These cases were on the subject of the federal government's ability to protect the rights of African Americans under the 14th and 15th amendments.

card image

Compromise of 1877 (VEERAMANI)

Compromise that settled the 1876 election and ended the Reconstruction period. The compromise was outlined so that the South would support Republican James A. Garfield for House Speaker, and protect African American rights'; in turn, the Republicans would provide financial aid to the South. Garfield did not win so the whole plan collapsed, and created the solid, racist, Democratic South.