Spinal cord is ____ within the vertebral column and the spinal nerves exit ____ the vertebrae through ____ and run horizontally.
Vertical, between, intervertebral foramina
What are the 4 parts of gray matter?
Posterior horn, lateral horn and anterior horn, central canal
What are the 3 parts of white matter?
Posterior funiculus, anterior funiculus and lateral funiculus
What are the 6 parts of the spinal cord in cross-section?
Gray matter, white matter, dorsal (posterior) root, dorsal root ganglion, ventral (anterior) root, and spinal nerve
Spinal nerves merge and branch in ___ regions along the spinal cord to form web-like networks of nerves called ___
A plexus of nerves carries ___ information from bones, joints, muscles and ____, and carries motor information to selected ___ ____
sensory, skin, skeletal muscles
A nerve that branches off of the cervical plexus is the ____
phrenic nerve (contacts the diaphragm)
3 examples of nerves that branch off of the brachial plexus are the ___,___, and ___
radial nerve (along radius), ulnar nerve (along ulna) and median nerve (along forearm between radial and ulnar nerves)
The obturator nerve and femoral nerve are branches off of the ___
The ___ (also known as the ischiadic nerve) consists of the ___ and ___ and is part of the ___ plexus.
Tibial nerve (identified as medial popliteal nerve and posterior tibial nerve on leg muscle model)
Common fibular (common peroneal) nerve
What are the three parts of the brainstem?
Medulla oblongata, pons, mesencephalon
Where is the cerebellum located?
Posterior, inferior side of brain
What are the 3 parts of the diencephalon?
Thalamus, hypothalamus and epithalamus
What are the 4 lobes of the cerebrum?
Frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal lobes
The left and right cerebral hemispheres are connected by the ___ ____
What are the 3 kinds of ventricles?
Lateral, third and fourth ventricles
Name the 12 cranial nerves in order. Know names, Roman numerals, functions, and destinations of all of them.
OLd OPie OCcasionally TRies TRIGonometry And Feels VEry GLOomy VAGUe And HYPOactive
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motor- 4/6 eye muscles, shape of lens, constriction of pupil
motor- 1 eye muscle
sensory- facial sensations
motor- muscles of mastication, anterior belly digastric
motor- 1 eye muscle
sensory- anterior 2/3 tongue (taste)
motor- posterior belly digastric, facial expressions (facial muscles)
parasympathetic- salivary glands (2), lacrimal glands
sensory- hearing and balance
sensory- posterior 1/3 tongue (taste), back of mouth, tonsils, middle ear
motor- 1 muscle of pharynx
parasympathetic- salivary gland, glands of tongue
sensory- taste, back of mouth, pharynx, larynx, thoracic and abdominal
motor- muscles of larynx and pharynx
parasympathetic- thoracic and abdominal organs (digestive enzymes)
motor- trapezius, sternocleidomastoid
motor- tongue muscles