MOR 335 - Embalming I - Lesson 1.2 - OSHA Considerations

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DMACC Mortuary Science Ankeny, Iowas
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1

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

A specific group of diseases or conditions which are indicative of severe immunosuppression related to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

2

Action level/AL

Concentration of 0.5 ppm of formaldehyde calculated over an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) concentration, as defined by OSHA.

3

Biohazard

Biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans.

4

Biohazardous waste

Any potentially infective, contaminated waste that constitutes a hazard to humans in the workplace.

5

Bloodborne pathogen

Pathogenic microorganism present in human blood and can cause disease in humans.

6

Bloodborne Pathogen Standard

OSHA REGULATION (29 CFR 1910.1020) regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids.

7

Carcinogen

A cancer-causing chemical or material.

8

Communicable disease

Disease that may be transmitted either directly or indirectly between individuals by an infectious agent.

9

Contaminated

The presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materialson an item or surface.

10

Contaminated laundry

Laundry which has been solid with blood or other potentially infectious materials or may contain sharps.

11

Contaminated sharps

Any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including needles, scalpels, broken glass, and exposed ends of wires.

12

Drench shower

OSHA-required safety device for a release of a copious amount of water in a short time.

13

Employee exposure record

A record that contains the following kinds of information: environmental (workplace) monitoring of a toxic substance or harmful physical agent; biological monitoring results which directly assess the absorption of a toxic substance by body systems; safety data sheets (SDS) indicating that the material may pose a hazard to human health; a chemical inventory which reveals where and when used and the identity of a toxic substance or harmful physical agent.

14

Employee medical record

A record concerning the health status of an employee which is made or maintained by a physician, nurse, or other health care personnel, or technician; may include medical/employement questionnaires, results of medical exams and lab tests, medical opinions/diagnoses, first aid records, descriptions of treatments and prescriptions, employee medical complaints.

15

Engineering controls

Mechanical systems and devices designed to isolate or remove hazards from the workplace; e.g. sharps disposal container, self-sheathing needles, ventilation system (to remove formaldehyde fumes.)

16

Exposure incident

A specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) that results from the performance of an employee's duties.

17

Eyewash station

OSHA required emergency safety device providing a steady stream of water for flushing the eye.

18

Formaldehyde Standard

OSHA REGULATION (29 CFR 1910.1048)-limiting the amount of occupational exposure to formaldehyde gas.

19

Globally Harmonized System (GHS)

A world-wide system for standardizing and harmonizing the classification and labeling of chemicals; part of OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard.

20

Hazard Communication Standard

OSHA REGULATION (29 CFR 1910.1200) that deals with identifying and limiting occupational exposure to hazardous substances (e.g. chemicals); aka the "Right To Know" Act.

21

Hazard statement

Standard phrases found on an SDS describing the nature of the hazard; e.g. "flammable" or "harmful if swallowed."

22

Hazardous material

An agent or material exposing one to risk.

23

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver.

24

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

A severe infectious blood borne virus.

25

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

The virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

26

Infectious disease

Condition caused by the growth of a pathogenic microorganism in the body.

27

Occupational exposure

Reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral, contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employee's duties.

28

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Governmental agency with the responsibility for regulatory and enforcement of safety and health matters for most United States employees; an individual state OSHA agency may supercede the U.S. Department of Labor OSHA regulations.

29

OPIM

Acronym: Other Potentially Infectious Material

30

Parenteral

Piercing of the mucous membranes or the skin barrier; most commonly occurs via needle stick.

31

Parts per million (PPM)

In contaminated air, the parts of vapor or gas (formaldehyde) per million parts of air by volume; in solution the parts of chemical per million parts of solution.

32

Permissable exposure limit (PEL)

The maximum legal limits established by OSHA for regulated substances. For formaldehyde, the PEL is 0.75 ppm based on employee exposures that are time-weighted (TWA) over an 8-hour work shift.

33

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

Those items of protection worn to minimize exposure to hazards; those items worn by the embalmer to avoid contact with blood and other body fluids.

34

Pictogram

Graphic symbols used to communicate specific information about the hazards of a chemical; a labeling element of the GHS.

35

Precautionary statement

The portion of an SDS that supplements the hazard statement by briefly providing measures to be taken (e.g. first aid) to minimize or prevent adverse effects from physical, health, or environmental hazards.

36

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

OSHA-required form under the Hazard Communication Standard that must accompany a hazardous product.

37

Sharps

Hypodermic needles, suture needles, injector needles, scalpel blades, razor blades, pins and other items sharp enough to cause percutaneous injury.

38

Sharps container

OSHA-required puncture-resistant, leak-proof receptacle for proper disposal of sharps.

39

Short term exposure limit (STEL)

Legal limits established by OSHA to which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury; STEL for formaldehyde is 2 ppm.

40

Time-weighted average (TWA)

A test/evaluation of formaldehyde exposure that is time-weighted over an 8-hour period.

41

Universal precautions

An approach to infection control in which ALL human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious.

42

Work practice controls

Procedures that reduce the likelihood of exposure to a hazard by altering the manner in which a task is performed; e.g. keeping the lid on the embalming machine during use to reduce the amount of formaldehyde fumes escaping into the air.