MOR 335 - Embalming I - Lesson 1.2 - OSHA Considerations
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
A specific group of diseases or conditions which are indicative of severe immunosuppression related to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Concentration of 0.5 ppm of formaldehyde calculated over an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) concentration, as defined by OSHA.
Biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans.
Any potentially infective, contaminated waste that constitutes a hazard to humans in the workplace.
Pathogenic microorganism present in human blood and can cause disease in humans.
Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
OSHA REGULATION (29 CFR 1910.1020) regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids.
A cancer-causing chemical or material.
Disease that may be transmitted either directly or indirectly between individuals by an infectious agent.
The presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materialson an item or surface.
Laundry which has been solid with blood or other potentially infectious materials or may contain sharps.
Any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including needles, scalpels, broken glass, and exposed ends of wires.
OSHA-required safety device for a release of a copious amount of water in a short time.
Employee exposure record
A record that contains the following kinds of information: environmental (workplace) monitoring of a toxic substance or harmful physical agent; biological monitoring results which directly assess the absorption of a toxic substance by body systems; safety data sheets (SDS) indicating that the material may pose a hazard to human health; a chemical inventory which reveals where and when used and the identity of a toxic substance or harmful physical agent.
Employee medical record
A record concerning the health status of an employee which is made or maintained by a physician, nurse, or other health care personnel, or technician; may include medical/employement questionnaires, results of medical exams and lab tests, medical opinions/diagnoses, first aid records, descriptions of treatments and prescriptions, employee medical complaints.
Mechanical systems and devices designed to isolate or remove hazards from the workplace; e.g. sharps disposal container, self-sheathing needles, ventilation system (to remove formaldehyde fumes.)
A specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) that results from the performance of an employee's duties.
OSHA required emergency safety device providing a steady stream of water for flushing the eye.
OSHA REGULATION (29 CFR 1910.1048)-limiting the amount of occupational exposure to formaldehyde gas.
Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
A world-wide system for standardizing and harmonizing the classification and labeling of chemicals; part of OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard.
Hazard Communication Standard
OSHA REGULATION (29 CFR 1910.1200) that deals with identifying and limiting occupational exposure to hazardous substances (e.g. chemicals); aka the "Right To Know" Act.
Standard phrases found on an SDS describing the nature of the hazard; e.g. "flammable" or "harmful if swallowed."
An agent or material exposing one to risk.
Inflammation of the liver.
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
A severe infectious blood borne virus.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
The virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Condition caused by the growth of a pathogenic microorganism in the body.
Reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral, contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employee's duties.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Governmental agency with the responsibility for regulatory and enforcement of safety and health matters for most United States employees; an individual state OSHA agency may supercede the U.S. Department of Labor OSHA regulations.
Acronym: Other Potentially Infectious Material
Piercing of the mucous membranes or the skin barrier; most commonly occurs via needle stick.
Parts per million (PPM)
In contaminated air, the parts of vapor or gas (formaldehyde) per million parts of air by volume; in solution the parts of chemical per million parts of solution.
Permissable exposure limit (PEL)
The maximum legal limits established by OSHA for regulated substances. For formaldehyde, the PEL is 0.75 ppm based on employee exposures that are time-weighted (TWA) over an 8-hour work shift.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Those items of protection worn to minimize exposure to hazards; those items worn by the embalmer to avoid contact with blood and other body fluids.
Graphic symbols used to communicate specific information about the hazards of a chemical; a labeling element of the GHS.
The portion of an SDS that supplements the hazard statement by briefly providing measures to be taken (e.g. first aid) to minimize or prevent adverse effects from physical, health, or environmental hazards.
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
OSHA-required form under the Hazard Communication Standard that must accompany a hazardous product.
Hypodermic needles, suture needles, injector needles, scalpel blades, razor blades, pins and other items sharp enough to cause percutaneous injury.
OSHA-required puncture-resistant, leak-proof receptacle for proper disposal of sharps.
Short term exposure limit (STEL)
Legal limits established by OSHA to which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury; STEL for formaldehyde is 2 ppm.
Time-weighted average (TWA)
A test/evaluation of formaldehyde exposure that is time-weighted over an 8-hour period.
An approach to infection control in which ALL human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious.
Work practice controls
Procedures that reduce the likelihood of exposure to a hazard by altering the manner in which a task is performed; e.g. keeping the lid on the embalming machine during use to reduce the amount of formaldehyde fumes escaping into the air.