Personality Key Terms Maslow

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1

humanistic psychology

emphasizes the experiencing person, creativity, the study of socially and personally significant problems, and the dignity and enhancement of people

2

reductive-analytic approach to science

strategy of reducing an object of interest to its component parts in order to study and understand it

3

holistic-analytic approach to science

strategy of studying an object of interest as a totality rather than attempting to reduce it to its component parts

4

desacralize

any process that distorts human nature and depicts it as less marvelous and dignified than it is

5

third-force

an alternative to psychoanalysis and behaviorism

6

hierarchy of human needs

arrangement of the needs from lowest to highest in terms of their potency

7

instinctoid

need that is innate, but weak in certain instances

8

safety needs

second cluster of needs in the hierarchy - the primary goal is to reduce uncertainity

9

belongingness and love needs

person is driven by the need for affiliation

10

esteem needs

fourth cluster of needs

11

self-actualization

highest level in the hierarchy, can only be reach if the preceding need levels have been adequately satisfied

12

desire to know and understand

innate curiosity that Maslow believed was functionally related to the ability to satisfy all human needs

13

aesthetic needs

innate need for such qualities as symmetry, closure, and order

14

being values (B-Values)

metamotives. those higher aspects of life pursued by self-actualizing individuals

15

being motivation (growth motivation)

motivation governed by the pursuit of B-values instead of by the satisfaction of basic deficiencies

16

need-directed perception (D-Perception)

perception motivated by a search for objects or events that will satisfy a basic need

17

deficiency motives (D-Motives)

needs or deficiencies that exist in the hierarchy prior to the level of self-actualization

18

being cognition (B-Perception)

thinking or perceiving that is governed by B-values; richer and fuller

19

D-Love

motivated by the need for love and belongingness; such love is selfish because it satisfies a personal deficiency

20

B-Love

deep, nonpossessive, insatiable, emotional relationship that is not aimed at satisfying any particular need

21

metapathology

psychological disorder that results when a being motive is not allowed proper expression, or the failure the satisfy the metaneed

22

peak experiences

mystical, oceanic experiences that are accompanied by a feeling of ecstasy or rapture, thought to reach their full magnitude as B-values are fully embraced

23

Jonah complex

the fear of one's own potential greatness

24

freedom within limits

the optimal psychological atmosphere for a child to experience