4-2 measurements

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created 5 years ago by Annabelle
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Sonography
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1

Pharynx length

under 10 cm

2

Esophagus length

23 cm

3

neck of the pancreas

1.5 - 2.5 cm

4

adult kidney length

9 to 11 cm length

5

adult kidney thickness

2.5 to 4 cm thick

6

adult kidney diameter

4 to 6 cm in diameter

7

neonatal kidneys length

3.3 to 5 cm length

8

neonatal kidneys thick

1.5 to 2.5 cm thick

9

neonatal kidneys diameter

2 to 3 cm in diameter

10

ureters length

25 to 30 cm length
4 to 7 cm in diameter

11

pancreatic length

12 to 18 cm

12

pancreatic thickness

2.5 cm

13

head of the pancreas

2 - 3.5 cm long

14

pancreas body

2 - 3 cm

15

pancreas width

3 to 5 cm

16

Stomach length

25 to 30 cm

17

pyloric canal

2 to 3 cm

18

ilium length

3.5 m

19

diameter of small bowel

4 cm

20

length of jejunum

2.3 m

21

length of duodenum

25 cm

22

length of small bowel

6 m

23

transverse colon

30 inches

24

length of large bowel

2 m

25

Liver
Superior to inferior measurement

15-17 cm

26

Liver
Anterior to posterior measurement

10-12.5 cm

27

Liver
right to left measurement

10-22.5 cm

28

Liver weight

1200-1600 grams

29

length of GB

10 cm

30

diameter of GB

3-5 cm

31

GB walls

3 mm

32

Cystic duct length

3-4 cm

33

Cystic duct diameter

4 mm

34

Common bile duct length

8 - 11 cm

35

Common bile duct diamter

1 - 6 mm

36

pancreatic duct

less than 2 mm

37

storage capacity GB

40 ml

8 table

38

bile per day

1 - 2 L

39

The kidneys are located between ____ and _____ vertebra.

T12 - L4

40

weight range of the pancreas

60 to 80 grams

41

Blood filtered per minute from kidneys

1600 mL

42

urine per day

150 mL

43

male stomach holds

2-4 L

44

What is trypsin, chymotrypsin & carboxpepidase

a pancreatic enzymes that helps digest proteins

45

Erythropoietin hormone

released by the kidneys in response to a decrease in oxygen.

acts on bone marrow to produce RBCs and the release of mature RBCs from bone marrow

46

nucleases

pancreatic enzyme that helps digest nucleic acid

47

amylase

pancreatic enzyme that helps digest carbohydrates

48

Aldosterone

How much blood does do the kidneys filter each minute?
Front
The body of the pancreas is torcherous and loopy
Front
a decrease in blood volume triggers aldosterone to be released from the renal cortex

causes water and salt to be reabsorbed into the blood stream from the nephron

increases blood volume

49

glucagon

produced by alpha cells in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas

50

somatostatin

pancreatic Delta cells

hormone inhibits the production of insulin and glucagon

51

lipase

pancreatic enzyme that helps digest fats

52

chyme in the duodenum stimulates

production of pancreatic juice

53

Brunner's glands

produce alkaline substance to reduce acidity of stomach acids

54

Antidiuretic hormone

Where is the left lobe in relation to the pancreas
Front
What is pancreatic juice composed of?
Front
ADH-a decrease in blood volume triggers ADH to be released by posterior pituitary

*increases the quantity of water absorbed back into the body from the distal convoluted tube

*urine output decreases blood volume increases

55

insulin

beta cells

56

Cholecystokinen

sm. intestine hormone cause the GB to contract and release of bile

57

secretin

sm. intestine hormone cause the secretion of bicarbonate

58

What is the composition of Bile?

82% water
12% bile salts
6% cholesterol, bilirubin, proteins, electrolytes, mucus