Chapter 26

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Microbiology
Chapter 26
Diseases of the Urinary Tract
updated 6 years ago by cjsaslo
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1

Cystitis

An inflammation of the urinary bladder
-ascending infection

2

Urethritis

An inflammation of the urethra

3

Pyelonephritis

An inflammation of one or both kidneys

4

What is the most common cause of cystitis

E.coli or
S. saprophyticus (women of child bearing age)

5

how do you diagnose cystitis

quantitative of urine

6

what is the treatment for cystitis

Trimethoprim-sulfamethexazole
If resistant, use fluoroquinolones (more expensive)

7

Pyelonephritis

Causative agent: Usually E. coli

8

Asymptomatic bacteriuria >____________ CFU/ml in a patient with no symptoms of UTI

>100,000 CFU/ml

9

what is the most common nosocomial infection

urinary tract infection

10

Nosocomial infections following ________________occur in the urinary system.

catheterization

11

__________ causes more than half of these nosocomial infections

E. coli

12

Bacterial Vaginosis Causative agent

Change in flora (not due to Gardnerella vaginalis)

13

Bacterial Vaginosis Symptoms

Copious fishy, gray-white, thin, frothy discharge

14

Bacterial Vaginosis diagnosis

gram stains Clue Cells

15

Bacterial vaginosis treatment

Mentronidazole

16

what is a clue cell

a cell coated with microbes

17

Candidiasis causative agent

Candida albicans

18

Grows on mucosa of mouth, intestinal tract, and genitourinary tract

...

19

Candidiasis treatment is

Clotrimazole; fluconazole

20

Trichomoniasis causitive agent

Trichomonas vaginalis

21

Trichomoniasis Found in ______ or ________ of male carriers

semen or urine

22

True or False
Vaginal infection of Trichomoniasis causes irritation and profuse foul, greenish yellow frothy discharge

True

23

Trichomoniasis Treatment is ___________________

Mentronidazole