Mitosis/Meiosis Flashcards


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created 9 years ago by ahemmert
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updated 9 years ago by ahemmert
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1

Interphase

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The Cell grows and replicates its DNA and centrioles

2

Prophase

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Chromosomes form, the centrioles separate, the spindle begins to form

3

Metaphase

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The chromosomes line up across the center of the cell

4

Anaphase

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Chromatids separate into individual chromosomes and are moved apart

5

Telophase

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Chromosomes gather at opposite ends of the cell and lose their distinct shapes. Two new nuclear envelopes will form.

6

Cytokinesis

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The cytoplasm pinches in half. Each daughter cell has an identical set of duplicate chromosomes.

7

Cell Division

A process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells

8

Asexual Reproduction

A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself (bacteria)

9

Sexual Reproduction

Reproduction resulting from the joining of two cells. Each cell comes from a different parent.

10

Chromosome

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Threadlike structure that contains the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next

11

Cell Cycle

A series of events a cell goes through as it grows and divides.

12

Chromatid

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One of the identical "sister" parts of a replicated chromosome

13

Centromere

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An area where two sister chromatids are attached

14

DNA

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Genetic material that organisms inherit from their parents.

15

Gamete

Sperm and egg cells that combine during fertilization

16

Homologous

Chromosomes in which one set comes from the male parent and one from the female

17

Homologous

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Term used to refer chromosomes where one set comes from the male and the one set from the female

18

Crossing Over

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Process where homologous chromosomes exchange portions of chromosomes during meiosis

19

PMAT

Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase