Nervous Tissue and Physiology Week #11 Flashcards


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created 9 years ago by kriston_hanson
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Gillespie Week #11
updated 9 years ago by kriston_hanson
Grade levels:
College: Second year, College: Third year
Subjects:
anatomy and physiology lab
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1

Neuroglial Cells

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Neuron glue

2

Astrocytes

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blood brain barrier, removes excess K+

3

Ependymal Cells

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4

Oligodendrocytes

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Form myelin sheaths surrounds neurons in PNS

5

Microglia

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Defensive cells in CNS- eats bacteria

6

Schwann Cells

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Wraps around Axon for protection (the only one not in the CNS)

7

Cell Body (Structures of a Neuron)

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8

Dendrites

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receptive regions

9

Axon

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Impulse generating site

10

Myelin

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phospholipid bilayer (white)

11

Nodes of Ranvier

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Spaces between mylein sheath to absorb Na+ and K+

12

Synapse

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where two neurons come together

13

Axon Hillock

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beginning of axon (first place for Action potential)

14

Unipolar (Types of Neurons)

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sensory neurons

15

Bipolar

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sensory for vision and smell

16

Multipolar

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multiple neurons, motor neurons, and inter-neurons

17

Sensory

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collects information sends to brain or spinal chord

18

Motor

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create motor outputs

19

Association (inter-)

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go between sensory and motor neurons

20

Dura Mater (Meninges)

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thick outer layer of meninges (tough mother)

21

Arachnoid Mater (Meninges)

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creates space for nerves and blood vessels

22

Pia Matter (Meninges)

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touches the brain (soft mother)

23

Cerebrum

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24

Cerebral hemispheres

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25

Longitudinal Fissure

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26

Frontal Lobe

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27

Parietal Lobe

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28

Temporal Lobe

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29

Occipital Lobe

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30

Gray matter (Cortex)

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31

White Matter (medulla)

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32

Gyri

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33

Sulci

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34

Cerebellum

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35

Arbor Vitae

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36

Corpora Quadrigemina

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37

Superior Colliculi (CQ)

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38

Inferior Colliculi (CQ)

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39

Pineal Body

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40

Medulla Oblongata

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41

Pons

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42

Corpus Callosum

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43

Septum Pellucidum

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wall inside corpus callosum

44

Thalamus

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looks like an olive

45

Hypothalamus

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under thalamus

46

Optic Chiasma

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X- base of hypothalamus

47

Pituitary Gland

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48

Infundibulum

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49

CSF- cerebrospinal fluid

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50

Choroid Plexus

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51

Lateral Ventricles

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52

Third Ventricle

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53

Fourth Ventricle

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54

Cerebral Aqueduct

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