Vital Signs and Oxygen Administration

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1

Temperature should be taken orally when the person is:

alert and cooperative

2

What is a normal oral temperature for an adult?

98.6

3

What is a normal pulse reading for an adult?

76

4

As a person gets older, blood pressure generally:

tends to rise

5

Why does the healthcare worker not use their thumb to take a person's radial pulse?

The thumb has its own pulse, and you may count your pulse instead.

6

Vital SIgns include

respirations, pulse, and temperature

7

If your patient recently had anything to drink (hot coffee, cold water). . .

Wait 10-15 minutes before you take the temperature orally

8

The instrument used to measure the apical pulse is the

Stethoscope

9

The apical pulse is located:

on the chest

10

You should check the vital signs of your patient:

When you are instructed to, if you observe any change in the patient's conditions, and if the patient falls.

11

The process of inhaling and exhaling is measured as

respiration

12

Which artery is most commonly used when measuring the blood pressure?

Brachial

13

The systolic pressure is a measurement of:

The heart contracting as it pumps the blood into the arteries.

14

Your patient is breathing very loudly and seems to be working hard to get his breath. This could be described as. . .

Dyspnea, labored respirations, and shortness of breath

15

The type of respiration that is very irregular and frequently occurs before death is called. . .

Cheyne-Stokes respirations

16

The normal blood pressure range for an adult is. . .

90-120/50-70

17

Normal respirations for an adult are. . .

15-20 breaths per minute, regular with both sides of the chest rising and falling equally, and quiet & effortless

18

All of the following are signs of a fever

General aching, occasional chills, and flushed dry skin

19

The simplest and most common device used for oxygen administration is. . .

nasal cannula

20

Systolic blood pressure is recorded as (when taking a blood pressure manually)

The point at which the first sound is heard.

21

A body temperature lower than normal is called

hypothermia

22

Oxygen can be toxic if not used correctly. You must remember. . .

Oxygen administration must be ordered by the patient's physician, Oxygen is a basic need for survival, and oxygen supports combustion.

23

Symptoms are things that. . .

the patient reports to you

24

The least accurate method for taking a patient's temperature is. . .

axillary

25

What is a physiological factor helping to maintain a patient's blood pressure?

The elasticity of the blood vessel wall.

26

The rhythm of a patient's pulse describes

how regular the pulse is

27

After using an electronic thermometer to take a temperature, you should:

Discard the probe cover

28

The pulse rate is:

The number of beats per minute

29

You should count the pulse for:

1 full minute

30

The pulse pressure is. . .

The difference between systolic and diastolic pressure

31

The following words could be used to describe a client's abnormal respirations:

Uneven chest rise, moist, labored, and wheeze

32

A client with a nasal cannula will have oxygen administered at a flow rate of. . .

1-4 LPM

33

Another term for vital signs is. . .

Cardinal Signs

34

Body temperature is. . .

NOT controlled primarily by the hyperthalmus.

35

An oral thermometer will have a. . .

blue or clear end

36

A rectal thermometer will have a. . .

red end

37

Blood pressure may be taken with. . .

either a mercury or an aneroid sphygmomanometer.

38

Another word for fever is. . .

Febrile

39

Bradycardia

<60 bpm

40

Tachypnea

Rapid breathing

41

Apnea

No breathing

42

Tachycardia

>100 bpm

43

Dyspnea

Difficult breathing

44

Dorsalis Pedis artery

top of the foot

45

Posterior tibial artery

inside of the ankle

46

Carotid artery

on the side of the neck

47

femoral artery

groin

48

popliteal artery

behind the knee

49

Three qualities used to assess a patient's pulse are. . .

Rhythm, rate and strength.