Texas Government Test 2
Importance of Sam Houston:
He was a Texan general and president, and after the state joined the Union, he was the governor Texas and one of its first senators.
Was heavily involved with the Cherokee tribe.
Became a war veteran because of the War of 1812 where he was wounded.
Became governor of Tennessee.
Because he caned someone, he was ran out into Texas when it was a part of Mexico.
Made a general in Texas army. Was general in Battle of San Jacinto.
Texas' first president.
Became a US. senator and Texas Governor.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna:
Military leader, President then Dictator of Mexico. Very interesting man.
The 1st American governor of Texas.
Lorenzo de Zavala:
1st vice president of the Republic of Texas. Signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.
Jose Antonio Navarro:
1 of 3 Mexicans that signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.
Jose Francisco Ruiz:
Schoolmaster and senator to the First Congress of the Republic of Texas. 1 of 2 native Texans who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.
Extremely against Santa Anna. Fought in battle of San Jacinto. A Mexican Comander turned anglo Texans against him by saying he was a traitor. He was forced to flee to Mexico. Was forced into the Mexican army. Never welcomed into Texas again.
William B. Travis:
Left wife and kids for Texas. Got land from Steven F. Austin. Set up a law practice. Fought in Bexar and the Alamo (died).
Mirabeau B. Lamar:
3rd president of the Republic of Texas. Hated Sam Hosuton and indians. Father of Texas Education.
Robert McAlpin Williamson:
"Three legged Willie". A part of the group that would not release the cannon to the Mexican Army.
Cynthia Ann Parker:
American woman who was captured and kidnapped at 9 by Comanches, who came to love the Comanches. She was "rescued" by Americans in a battle.
A jewish Empresario. Castroville is named for him.
Prince Carl von Solms-Braunfels:
Started the German immigrant colonies in Texas. New Braunfels is named by him.
John O. Meusebach:
Founder of Fredricksburg.
Founder of the huge King Ranch.
Worked with Richard King. Kenedy county and Kenedy, Tx are named after him.
Abel “Shanghai” Pierce:
Pierce, Texas is named after him. Was a stow away from New York to Texas and through hard work became a rancher.
The Law of April 6th:
Made because of Mexico's concerns about the growing Anglo population in Texas. No more U.S. immigration into Texas. Complete ban on importing slaves. New tariffs collected at Texas ports.
The Summer of 1832:
An anglo war party created a crisis.
When was Santa Anna elected Mexico's president and for what party?
Elected president of Mexico in January of 1833 as a Federalist.
Why was Austin arrested in Mexico city?
For trying to negotiate the Texas separation from Coahuila y Tejas.
The "Lexington of Texas"?
What starts the fighting in Texas?
The "come and Take it" cannon flag. Settlers were asked by Mexican troops to return the cannon. The settlers attacked the troops and drove them to San Antonio.
The Permanent Council:
The First government for the rebellion. Lasted 3 weeks.
The 2nd government of Texas. Henry Smith of the "war party" was executive.
Who was sent by Henry Smith to hold the Alamo if it was attacked?
Sam Houston sent ____ to destroy the Alamo
What was Goliad?
Mexican general, Jose de Urrea, caught James Fannin and his men. Santa Anna ordered the 450 pirates to be executed. 3x killed than Alamo.
Delegates met to declare Texas be be independent of Mexico. A constitution was created.
The Battle of San Jacinto:
"The Raven" Sam Houston and "The Eagle" Santa Anna met. Santa Ana was captured and taken in as a hostage.
Who was the first president of Texas?
Who was president after Houston?
M. B. Lamar. Changed Waterloo to Austin, wanted to rid all indians, hated Sam Houston.
What was Austin's 1st name?
The Education Act of 1839:(Lamar)
Set aside 17,712 acres of public land per county to be used to produce income for a system of free public schools.
Made sure your land or property could not be seized to fix a debt.
When was Texas annexed?
December 1845 as the 28th state.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo:
Ended the war between the U.S. and Mexico.
Three main provisions of the treaty were:
The Rio Grande River was declared the boundary between Texas and Mexico.
Mexican territory north of roughly the 32nd degree of latitude and the Gila River was ceded to the U.S.
The U.S. agreed to pay Mexico $18 million for “territorial adjustments” under the treaty.
A group of philanthropic German nobles, the Adelsverein (whose name in German meant “The Society for the Protection of German Immigrants to Texas”) began providing financial assistance to families wishing to leave Germany for Texas.
Polish priest, first to organize polish to migrate to Texas.
Where were the first shots of the Texas Revolution fired?
Gonzales, Tx. In the battle of Gonzales.
What happened at the battle of Gonzales?
The Mexican troops tried to get their cannon back but the settlers refused and said "come and take it". Texans opened fire on the Mexicans.
What happened after the Battle of Gonazales?
The siege of San Antonio. (San Antonio de Bexar).