Esophageal Problems

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created 7 years ago by pmerrill87
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College: Fourth year
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1

Gerd

The most common GI disorder in the US is the result of reflux of GI contents into the esophagus.

2

Key features of Gastroesophageal disease include

-Dyspepsia
regurgitation
-coughing
- hypersalivation
- odynophagia
- epigastric pain
- belching
- flatulence
- nausea
- pyrosis
- globus
- pharyngitis
- dental cavities

3

24 hour esophageal PH monitoring

the most accurate method of diagnosing GERD

4

The goal for GERD drug therapy includes

Inhibit gastric secretion, accelerate gastric emptying, protect gastric mucosa

5

Hiatal heria

also known as diaphragmatic hernias, involve the protrusion of the stomach through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm into the chest.

6

The most important role of the nurse in caring for a patient with a Hiatal hernia

Teaching including:
- sleep with the head elevated 6 inches
- remain upright for several hours after eating
- avoid excessive vigorous exercise
- refrain from wearing clothing that is too tight around the abdomen

7

Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication

minimally invasive surgery commonly used for hiatal surgery repair

8

The most common symptom of esophageal cancer

Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)

9

Highest postoperative priority for patients having esophagectomy

Respiratory care

10

Vagotomy syndrome

diarrhea which develops as a result of interrupted vagal fibers to the abdominal fibers during surgery