Appendeicular Skeleton

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by hoovemaa
114 views
updated 6 years ago by hoovemaa
Grade levels:
College: Second year, College: Third year
Subjects:
human anatomy
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

pectoral girdle

forms the attachment point for the upper limb
consists of clavicle and scapula

2

clavicle

collarbone
sternal end- connects to manubrium
acromial end- articulates with scapula, flat end

3

scapula (shoulder blade)

3 borders- superior, lateral, medial
3 angles- superior, inferior, lateral

4

glenoid fossa/cavity

at the superior end of lateral border of scapula
articulates with humerus

5

coracoid process

anterior projection from the lateral scapula

6

spine (scapula)

posterior projection

7

acromion

extension of the spine
articulates with the clavicle

8

infraspinous fossa

fossa inferior to the spine

9

suprspinous fossa

fossa superior to the spine

10

subscapular fossa

fossa on the anterior (rib) surface

11

humerus

only bone on the brachial region
attaches proximally at the scapula and distally with the radius and ulna

12

humerus head

round proximal end

13

humerus anatomical neck

constriction just distal to the head

14

greater tubercle

prominent protrusion lateral to the anatomical neck

15

lesser tubercle

smaller protrusion medial to the greater tubercle

16

intertubercular groove/sulcus

groove in between the two tubercle

17

surgical neck

area just distal to the tubercles

18

humerus deltoid tuberosity

rough area half way down the shaft on the lateral side

19

trochleal/medial condyle

medial projection at distal end
articulates with ulna

20

captulum/lateral condyle

lateral projection at distal end
articulates with radius

21

medial epicondyle

proximal to trochlea

22

lateral epicondyle

proximal to capitulum

23

medial supercondylar ridge

angle area proximal to medial epicondyle

24

lateral supracondylar ridge

angled area proximal to lateral epicondyle

25

olecranon fossa

on posterior surface
proximal to trochlea

26

coronoid fossa

on anterior medial surface

27

radial fossa

on anterior lateral surface

28

antebrachial region

2 bones-radius and ulna
connected via interosseous membrane/ligament

29

olecranon (process)

elbow, proximal portion,
fits into olecranon fossa of humerus during extension

30

coronoid process

other half of the "U"
fits into the coronoid fossa of the humerus during flexion

31

trochlear notch

seperates the olecranon from the coronoid process

32

radial notch

lateral portion of proximal end where head of radius articulates with ulna

33

head (ulna)

distal end

34

styloid process (ulna)

medial projection on distal end of bone

35

head (radius)

proximal end

36

radial tuberosity

rough area just distal to the head on the anterior aspect
site of attachment for bicep brachii

37

ulnar notch

medial marking on the distal end
for articulation with ulna

38

styloid process (radius)

projection on the distal aspect of the bone

39

carpals proximal row lateral to medial

scaphoid
lunate
triquetrum
pisiform

40

carpals distal row lateral to medial

trapezium
trapezoid
capitate
hamate

41

metacarpals

bones of the palms
number I-V from lateral to medial
starts at thumb

42

phalanges

bones of the finger
numbered I-V from lateral to medial
thumb has proximal and distal phalange
fingers have proximal, middle, and distal phalanges

43

pelvic girdle

provides attachment point for lower limbs
supports weight of upper body
consists of sacrum and 3 paired hip bones-ilium, ischium, pubis

44

acetabulum

the socket of the lateral surface of the pelvis for articulation with the head of the femur

45

ilium

forms the superior portion of the innominate bone

46

iliac crest

superior margin

47

anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)

anterior termination of the iliac crest

48

posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)

posterior termination of the iliac crest

49

anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)

inferior to the ASIS

50

posterior inferior iliac spine (PIIS)

inferior to the PSIS

51

greater sciatic notch

deep indentation just inferior to the PIIS

52

anterior gluteal line

ridge for attachment of gluteal muscle

53

posterior gluteal line

ridge for attachment of gluteal muscles

54

iliac fossa

concave region making up most of the "wing" of the pelvis

55

auricular surface

rough area that articulates with the sacrum

56

arcuate line

separates the true pelvis from the false pelvis

57

ischium

the posterioinferior os coxal bone

58

ischial spine

lies posterior to the acetabulum and projects medially

59

lesser sciatic notch

inferior to iliac spine

60

ischial tuberosity

rough thick area on the inferior aspect of the ischium

61

pubis

anterior portion of the pelvis

62

pubic crest

superioanterior portion of bone

63

pubic tubercle

bump at the lateral end of the pubic crest

64

pubic symphasis

articulation of the left and right pubic bones
fibrocartilage in between

65

pubic arch

inverted "V" formed just inferior and lateral to pubic symphasis

66

obturator foramen

large opening between the pubis and ischium

67

pelvic brim/arcuate line

sepates false (greater) pelvis from true (lesser) pelvis

68

false pelvis

contains and supports abdominal organs

69

true pelvis

contains the pelvic organs

70

gender pelvic differences

generally female pelvis is wider, shallower, and lighter than male pelvis

71

femur

thigh bone, largest and strongest bone in body

72

head (femur)

round proximal end of bone that articulates with the acetabulum

73

fovea capitis

pit in the center of the head for ligament attachment

74

neck (femur)

narrow portion just distal and lateral to the head
weakest portion of the femur
portion that is usually fractured in a broken hip

75

greater trochanter

ridge on proximal end that is proximal and larger

76

lesser trochanter

ridge on proximal end that is distal and smaller

77

intertrochanteric line

between the two trochanters on the anterior surface

78

intertrochanteric crest

ridge between the two trochanters on the posterior surface

79

gluteal tuberosity

rough area distal to intertrochanteric crest on posterior surface
where gluteus maximus inserts

80

linea aspera

vertical ridge distal to gluteal tuberosity

81

medial condyle

round portion of distal end
for articulation of the tibia

82

lateral condyle

rounded portion on distal end
for articulation of the tibia
lateral to medial condyle

83

medial epicondyle

proximomeidal to medial condyle

84

lateral epicondyle

proximomeial to lateral condyle

85

adductor tubercle

bump on proximal aspect of medial epidcondyle

86

patellar surface

smooth area in between the condyles on the anterior aspect
for articulation with patella

87

intercondylar fossa

deep groove in between the condyles on the posterior surface

88

patella

sesamoid bone anchored within quadricep tendon

89

crural region (2 bones)

tibia and fibula

90

tibia

medial bone

91

fibula

lateral bone

92

how are tibia and fibula connected?

by interosseous membrane

93

tibia

shin bone
medial
weight bearing bone

94

medial condyle (tibia)

on proximal end
articulates with medial condyle of femur

95

lateral condyle (tibia)

on proximal end
articulates with lateral condyle on femur

96

intercondylar emminence (tibia)

upward protrusion in between both condyles

97

tibial tuberosity

distal to the condyles on the anterior surface
attachment site of patellar ligament

98

anterior border/margin/crest (tibia)

ridge on anterior portion (shin)

99

medial malleolus

projection on distal end of bone
medial ankle

100

fibular notch (tibia)

on lateral side of distal tibia for articulation of the fibula

101

fibula

lateral non-weightbearing bone

102

fibula head

proximal end

103

lateral malleolus

distal end
forms outer ankle

104

tarsals

comprise the posterior portion of the feet/heel

105

talus

forms ankle joint with tibia and fibula

106

calcaneus

heel bone

107

cuboid

lateral cube shaped bone

108

medial cuneiform

proximal to metatarsal I

109

navicular

anterior to talus

110

intermediate cuneiform

proximal to metatarsal II

111

lateral cuneiform

proximal to metatarsal III

112

metatarsals

bones forming the arch of the foot
labeled I-V from medial to lateral

113

phalanges (feet)

bones of the toes
number I-V from medial to lateral
big toe has proximal and distal phalanges
other 4 have proximal, middle and distal phalanges

114

arches of the foot (3)

medial longitudinal
lateral longitudinal
transverse

115

medial longitudinal arch of foot

relatively high
runs anterior to posterior

116

lateral longitudinal arch of foot

relatively low
runs anterior to posterior

117

transverse arch of foot

runs roughly medial to lateral