Week #6 Lower Appendicular skeleton cont. Flashcards


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created 9 years ago by kriston_hanson
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Gillespie Week 6
updated 9 years ago by kriston_hanson
Grade levels:
College: Second year
Subjects:
anatomy and physiology lab
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1

Head (femur)

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2

Greater Trochanter (femur)

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3

Lesser Trochanter (femur)

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4

Medial and Lateral Condyles (femur)

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5

Intercondylar Fossa (femur)

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6

Patellar Surface (femur)

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7

Lateral and Medial Epicondyles (femur)

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8

Patella

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knee cap

9

Medial and Lateral condyles (tibia)

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10

Intercondylar Eminence (tibia)

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11

Tibial Tuberosity(tibia)

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12

Anterior Crest (tibia)

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13

Medial Malleolus (tibia)

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14

Head (fibula)

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15

Lateral Malleolus (fibula)

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16

Tarsals (7)

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17

Talus (tarsals)

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18

Calcaneus (tarsals)

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19

Metatarsals (5)

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20

Phalanges (14)

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21

Hallux

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Big toe

22

Synarthrosis

Immovable Joints

23

SUTURE (Synarthrosis)

Sutures in skull

24

SYNCHONDROSIS (Synarthrosis)

(cartilaginous) epiphyseal plate, sternum and 1st rib

25

Amphiarthrosis

Slightly moveable joint

26

SYPHYSIS -(Amphiarthrosis)

(cartilaginous) Pubic symphysis, between bodies of vertebrae

27

SYNDESMOSIS -(Amphiarthrosis)

(fibrous) distal tibia/ fibula joint

28

Diarthrosis/Synovial Joint

Freely moveable Joints

29

Articular/Fibrous Capsule-(structure of diarthrosis)

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30

Synovial Fluid -(structure of diarthrosis)

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31

Synovial Membrane -(structure of diarthrosis)

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32

Articular Cartilage -(structure of diarthrosis)

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33

Meniscus -(structure of diarthrosis)

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34

Bursa -(structure of diarthrosis)

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35

Gliding/plane-(types of diarthrosis)

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36

HINGE -(types of diarthrosis)

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37

PIVOT -(types of diarthrosis)

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38

CONDYLOID -(types of diarthrosis)

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39

SADDLE -(types of diarthrosis)

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40

BALL-AND-SOCKET -(types of diarthrosis)

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41

Flexion

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decrease angle of a joint

42

Extension

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increase angle of a joint to 180 degrees

43

hyperextension

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movement of joint beyond 180 degrees

44

dorsiflexion

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pointing toe up

45

plantar flexion

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pointing toe down

46

abduction

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(jumping jack) spread arm and legs out

47

adduction

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(jumping jack) pull legs and arms back into anatomical position

48

rotation

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49

circumduction

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rotating things 360 degrees

50

supination

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holding soup

51

pronation

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palms down

52

inversion

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turn foot internal

53

eversion

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turn foot out external

54

protraction

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jaw out

55

retraction

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jaw in