Anatomy - Introduction (terms and body part locations)

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created 8 years ago by TLK
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Introduction to Anatomy (taken from Professor Fink's anatomy lectures on YouTube)
updated 8 years ago by TLK
Grade levels:
College: First year
Subjects:
anatomy
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1

What does the prefix adomin/o- mean?

abdomen

2

What does the prefix acr/o- mean?

extremity

3

What does the prefix aden/o- mean?

gland

4

What does the prefix angi/o- mean?

vessel

5

What does the prefix arthr/o- mean?

joint

6

What does the prefix cardi/o- mean?

heart

7

What does the prefix chondr/o- mean?

cartilage

8

What does the prefix cyst/o- mean?

bladder

9

What does the prefix cyt/o- mean?

cell

10

What does the prefix dent/o- mean?

tooth

11

What does the prefix dermat/o- mean?

skin

12

What does the prefix duoden/o- mean?

duodenum

13

What does the prefix gastr/o- mean?

stomach

14

What does the prefix hepat/o- mean?

liver

15

What does the prefix laryn/go- mean?

larynx

16

What does the prefix my/o- mean?

muscle

17

What does the prefix nephr/o- mean?

kidney

18

What does the prefix neur/o- mean?

nerve

19

What does the prefix oste/o- mean?

bone

20

What does the prefix ot/o- mean?

ear

21

What does the prefix path/o- mean?

disease

22

What does the prefix pneumon/o- mean?

lung

23

What does the prefix rhin/o- mean?

nose

24

What does the prefix stomat/o- mean?

mouth

25

What does the prefix throac/o- mean?

throax (chest)

26

What does the prefix opt/o- mean?

eye or vision

27

What does the suffix -mega mean?

large (big)

28

What does the suffix -oma mean?

tumor

29

What does the suffix -gram mean?

image (picture)

30

What does the suffix -itis mean?

inflammation or infection

31

What does the suffix -olgy mean?

the study of or science of

32

What does the suffix -ist mean?

practitioner of a science

33

What does the suffix -plasty mean?

formation or plastic repair of

34

Define anatomy.

the scientific study of body structure and development.

35

Who is the father of anatomy and what set of books did he write?

Andreas Vesalius; De humani corporis fabrica

36

What is the book of official international nomenclature for anatomy as designated by the International Congress of Anatomists?

Nomina Anatomica

37

What is physiology?

the scientific study of how the body functions

38

What is the anatomical study of an organism from conception to birth?

Embryology

39

Give the names of the sub-disciplines of anatomy by levels of organization.

Human Body: Gross Anatomy, Surface Anatomy, Regional Anatomy, Radiological Anatomy.
Organ Systems: Systemic Anatomy, Neuroanatomy.
Tissue: Histology.
Cell: Cytology.

40

What is comparative anatomy? Give examples.

the comparison of anatomical differences in similar organisms. Anatomy of a cat is very similar to that of a human, but there are some differences that have to be explained. Also, anatomical differences in men and women, i.e., the average heart size, blood amount, and heartrate between men and women is different.

41

What is pathological anatomy?

The study of abnormal anatomy such as is found in persons with a disease or congenital disorder.