nutrition Flashcards


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created 8 years ago by maggiearvesen
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1

nutrient density

consume foods that have the most nutrients for their calories

2

nutrient that does not provide energy for the body

vitamin D

3

essential nutrients

there are about 40 nutrients known to be essential
these nutrients must be obtained from food

4

false statement

nutrient deficiency diseases, such as iron-deficiency anemia, have been virtually eliminated in america

5

facts that influence an individuals food choice

eating chocolate or Ice cream for comfort
eating corn on the cob when in season
eating ethnic foods you ate as a child

6

true statement

dietary supplements labels must state that the product is a dietary supplement

7

reliable scientific research will not include

reporting results to the news media

8

calorie

unit of measure that is used in nutrition science that expressed the amount of energy provided by a food

9

macronutrients

lipids, carbohydrates, proteins

10

3 main functions of the nutrients

contribute to the structure of our body
regulate biological processed in the body
provide us with energy

11

stroke, cancer, and heart disease can be made worse by

obesity

12

observations and hypotheses that arise from epidemiology can be treated using

clinical trials

13

hypothesis

a proposed explantation for an observation

14

least important factor when judging nutrition info

number of authors

15

organic compounds

glucose, amino acids, cholesterol

16

minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and water

involved in forming and maintaining the bodys structure

17

DRI's vary by

age, gender, and lifestyle phase

18

to obtain a broad mix of nutrients it is recommended to eat

variety of different foods

19

calcium and iron

must be identified on the food label by percentage of daily value

20

all food labels must include

list of ingredients in the product

21

adequate intake

when an RDA has yet to be established, this set vex as the recommended intake

22

recommended dietary allowance

average intake level that meets or exceeds the needs of 97-98%, of healthy individuals

23

estimated average requirement

average intake level that meets the needs of half of all healthy individuals

24

tolerable upper intake level

highest intake level of nutrient thought to be safe

25

estimated energy requirement

total kcaloires neede to maintain weight

26

for most nutrients, exceeding the UL through regular food consumption alone is difficult

true

27

ingredients on good label are not listed in alphabetical order

...

28

carries food from mouth to stomach

esophagus

29

food does not travel through

pancreas

30

as an emulsifier, bile is needed for

digestion of fat

31

pH of stomach

very acidic

32

peristalsis

moves food through digestive system

33

amylase beings to digest

carbohydrates

34

absorbed into the lymph system

lipids

35

digestive organ that contains largest population of helpful bacteria

large intestine

36

separates the stomach from small intestine

pyloric sphincter

37

name given to partially digested food in the stomach

chyme

38

why is there no digestion of carbs in the stomach

mucus inhibits starch breakdown

39

function of mucus in stomach

protect stomach from stomach acid

40

chronic heartburn that can cause pain and damage to esophagus

GERD

41

substance not absorbed

fiber

42

protein molecules that increase the rate of specific chemical retains without themselves being charged

enzymes

43

part of gastrointestinal tract that is responsible for swallowing

pharynx

44

slow movement of food stuff

large intestine

45

during swallowing the trachea is blocked by

epiglottis