Exam 1

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1

Cultural Awareness

Having appreciation of a diverse cultural group primarily in terms of arts, dress, music, foods, etc.

2

Cultural Sensitivity

Having more to do with politically correct language and not saying things that may be seen as offensive to someone

3

Cultural Competence

Having the skills, knowledge, and understanding about another culture that allows the healthcare provider to assess and intervene in a culturally appropriate manner

4

Culture

The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, values, customs, life-ways, and all other products of human work and thought characteristics of a population that guide its worldview and decision making.

5

Cultural Relativism

The belief that behaviors and practices of people should be judged only in the context of their cultural system

6

Cultural Imposition

Intrusively applies the majority cultural view to individuals and families.

7

Cultural Imperialism

The practice of extending policies and practices of one organization to disenfranchised and minorty groups

8

Western Ethics

Patient autonomy, truth telling, do no harm, do good, justice, and promise keeping.

9

Ethnocentrism

Universal tendency of human beings to think that their ways of thinking, acting, and believing are the only right, proper, and natural ways, can be a major barrier to providing culturally competent care

10

Stereotype

An oversimplified conception, opinion, or belief about some aspect of an individual or group of people

11

Generalization

Having general knowledge about the characteristics of a specific culture but have to validate the information

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Cultural General

Knowing and using a model/approach for assessment and intervention for a culturally diverse clinet

13

Cultural Specific

Knowing numerous characteristics about a specific population so you know which questions to ask

14

Phatic Culture

Changes slowly over time. Regardless of what happens in general society, the rituals continue and vary little from one generation to the next.

15

Anorexia

The desire to be extremely thin as the ideal beauty and the person practices bulimia to keep down calories and remain thin

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Individualism

A person is autonomous individual and stands alone as a person separate from the group

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Collectivism

The individual is not the most important element of society but rather the group

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Formality

Stand on traditional principles and people are referred to by their family name and/or title

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Informality

People are introduced by their given name

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Hierarchical socities

Status differences are seen in degree of formality and use of formal versus informal languages.

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Egalitarian

All people are treated the same

22

Elder culture

More value and respect is afforded older people versus younger people. Older people are valued for their wisdom and are asked for their advice

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Youth Culture

Youth and beauty are valued for what they can become and older people are rarely asked for advice

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Directness

If you want something, ask for it

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Indirectness

Do not ask directly

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Emic

The insider view- what the patient believes and thinks and concentrates in the culture of the patient

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Etic

The view from outside the culture- concentrates on the health professional's point of view

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Transcultural

Compares values, beliefs, and practices of a culture from the insider and outsider perspectives

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Cross-cultural

Looks at the values, beliefs, and practices of a culture and compares them with your own or another