Dynamic Range

a method of describing the extent to which a signal can vary and still be processed

Dynamic range general rule

the dynamic range of information decreases the more it is processed

transducer dynamic range

120 dB

receiver dynamic range

100 to 120 dB

scan converter dynamic range

40 to 50 dB

display dynamic range

20 to 30 dB

archive dynamic range

10 to 30 dB

How to calculate a component's dynamic range

1. divide the bigger voltage by the smaller voltage

2. count the # of zeros in the number - for each zero there is 20 dB more dynamic range

dynamic range

10:1

20 dB

dynamic range

100:1

40 dB

dynamic range

1,000:1

60 dB

dynamic range

10,000:1

80 dB

dynamic range

100,000:1

100 dB

A range from 1 volt to 100 volts can be processed accurately by the display of an ultrasound system. What is the dynamic range of the display?

40 dB

A component of an ultrasound system can properly process voltages ranging from 1 mV to 1 V. What is the dynamic range?

60 dB

A component of an ultrasound system can properly process voltages ranging from 5 V to 5000 V. What is the dynamic range?

60 dB

The same mathematics technique is used to calculate the gain of a component when the signal has units of volts.

An amplifier increases a voltage from .2 to 2000 volts. How many decibels of gain in this?

80 dB

An amplifier increases a voltage from 5 to 500 volts. How many decibels of gain is this?

40 dB

Compression

technique that reduces the dynamic range of a signal without introducing errors

requirements of compression

largest signal remains the largest

smallest signal remains the smallest

the range of signals is reduced

An uncompressed signal within the receiver of an ultrasound system has a dynamic range of 110 dB. The signal undergoes 40 dB of compression. What is the dynamic range of the compressed signal?

70 dB

110 dB - 40 dB = 70 dB

An uncompressed signal has a dynamic range of 85 dB. The signal undergoes 30 dB of compression. What is the dynamic range of the compressed signal?

55 dB

85 dB - 30 dB = 55 dB

After compression, a signal within the ultrasound system has dynamic range of 70 dB. The original signal was compressed by 40 dB. What is the dynamic tange of the original, uncompressed signal?

110 dB

70 dB + 40 dB = 110 dB

A signal within the system's receiver has a dynamic range of 60 dB after compression. The original signal was compressed by 50 dB. What is the dynamic range of the original uncompressed signal

110 dB

60 dB + 50 dB = 110 dB

number of choices

dynamic range can report the number of possible gray shades.

Narrow dynamic

fewer gray shades

few choices

black and white (bistable)

high contrast

Wide dynamic range

fewer gray shades

many choices

grayscale

low contrast