Personality

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created 6 years ago by hoovemaa
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Personality, sports psych
updated 6 years ago by hoovemaa
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College: Third year
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1

psychological core

deepest component of personality, attitudes, values, motives, beliefs, "the real you"

2

typical response

the way we each learn to adjust to environment, normal reaction

3

role-related behavior

how you act based on your social surrounding, ie employee, student, family member

4

psychodynamic approach

Freud, unconscious determinants of behavior= id interacts with conscious mind or superego, focuses on person as a whole, dynamic process

5

problem with psychodynamic approach

difficult to test, focuses too much on internal, nothing with social aspects

6

trait approach

assumes traits are relatively stable, personality is fixed so social/environment factors have little effect

7

anxiety

negative emotional state characterized by nervousness, worry, and apprehension

8

cognitive anxiety

thought component of anxiety

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somatic anxiety

the degree of physical activation perceived

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state anxiety

the ever changing mood component, ie players level of anxiety throughout a game changing

11

cognitive state anxiety

the degree to which one worries or has negative thoughts

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somatic state anxiety

moment to moment changes in perceived physiological activation

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perceived control

regulatory component of state anxiety

14

trait anxiety

an acquired behavioral tendency that influences behavior, how threatening is a situation and how that situation is perceived

15

self-report measures

how people rate their arousal level with a series of statements

16

self report scales

a numerical way to measure anxiety, arousal

17

stress

a substantial imbalance between demand and response capability, under conditions where failure to meet that demand has important consequences

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stages of stress

environmental demand
individual's perception of environmental demand
stress response
behavioral consequences

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situational sources of stress

importance placed on an event
uncertainty that surrounds the outcome of that event

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personal sources of stress

trait anxiety
self esteem

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social physique anxiety

a personality disposition where the degree to which a person becomes anxious when others observe their physique

22

psychology

study of human and animal behavior, emotions (affect) and cognition

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sport

activites involving power, skill, competition, strategy, and/or chance

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physical activity

any movement beyond rest

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exercise

organized and planned physical activity

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experimental method

pose a question
design an experiment
collect data
analyze data
interpret analyses
either answers questions or raises new ones

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population

all potential subjects from which a sample is drawn

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sample

group you actually study

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random selection

each individual in population has equal chance of being selected

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experimental group

receives "treatment" is "messed with"

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control group

group left alone-no treatment

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non-experimental research

does not establish causation
observational
establishes a correlation

33

validity

are you measuring what you think you are?

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reliability

are your findings consistent?

35

beginning of sports psych

1890

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beginning of exercise psych

1980

37

norman triplett

1898 1st documented sports psych study
social facilitation

38

social facilitation

presence of others increases the dominant response
you do what is most comfortable

39

Coleman Griffith

father of sports psych

40

personality

pattern of characteristics thoughts behaviors and feelings
distinguishes people
persistent over time and situations
OR
underlying stable psych structure and process
helps organize human experience
shape a persons actions/reactions to environment

41

trait personality

general stable predisposition

42

state personality

unstable characteristics
change as a function of the situation and or time

43

5 approaches to understanding personality

psychodynamic
trait
interactional
phenomenological
situational

44

psychodynamic

behavior determined by unconscious factors\
conflicts between unconcious forces (id) and conscious forces (superego)
views person as a whole not as isolated traits
internal determinants of behavior