Language of Pathophysiology

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created 6 years ago by queenbenedicta
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updated 6 years ago by queenbenedicta
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1

Gross level

organ or system level

2

Microscopic level

cellular level

3

Biopsy

excision of small amounts of living tissue

4

Autopsy

Examination of the body and organs after death

5

Diagnosis

Identification of a particular disease

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Etiology

Causative factors in a particular disease

7

Idopathic

When the cause of a disease is unknown

8

Iatrogenic

a treatment, a procedure, or an error may cause a disease

9

Predisposing factors

tendencies that promote development of a disease in an individual

10

Pathogenisis

Development of the disease

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Acute Disease

develops quickly, marked signs, short term

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Chronic disease

often milder, develops gradually, persist for long time

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Subclinical State

Pathologic changes occur, no obvious manifestations

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Latent State

no symptoms or clinical signs are evident

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Manifestations

signs and symptoms

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Syndrome

collections of signs and symptoms; often affecting more than one organ

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Remissions

manifestations of the disease subside or are absent

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Complications

new secondary or additional problems

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Therapy

Treatment measures to promote recovery or slow the progress of a disease

20

Sequelea

unwanted outcomes of primary condition

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Convalescence

period of recovery

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Prognosis

probability for recovery or for other outcomes

23

Rehabilitation

maximizing function of disease tissue

24

Epidemiology

science of identifying the causative factors and tracking the pattern or occurrence of disease

25

Morbidity

indicates the number of people with a disease within a group

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Mortality

indicate the number of deaths resulting from a particular disease within a group

27

Epidemics

occur when a higher than expected number of cases of an infectious disease occur with a given area

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Pandemics

involve a higher number of cases in many regions of the globe

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Occurrence of disease

tracked by incidence and prevalence

30

Incidence

number of new cases in a given population within a specified time period

31

Prevalence

number of new and old or existing cases in a specific population and within a specified time period