Chapter 14 Caring for Patients Needing Alternative Medical Treatments - Terms

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1

Asphyxiation

Severe hypoxia leading to hypoxemia, hypercapnia, loss of consciousness, and death

2

Bolus

A concentrated mass of pharmaceutical preparation, such as an opaque contrast medium, given intravenously or swallowed

3

Cannula

A tube used to allow fluids, gases, or other substances into or out of the body

4

Dyspneic

Having shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

5

Fowler position

Position in which the head of the patient's bed is raised 18 to 20 inches above the level of the heart with the knees also elevated

6

Gastrostomy

Creation of an opening in the stomach to provide food and liquid administration

7

Hemostat

A clamp-like instrument used to control flow of fluids or blood

8

Lavage

The process of washing out an organ, usually the stomach, bladder, or bowel

9

Nasoenteric tube

A tube that is inserted through the nose and allowed to pass into the duodenum and small intestines by means of peristalsis

10

Nasogastric tube

A thin tube that is inserted through the nose and into the stomach for the purpose of instilling substances or for the removal of substances

11

Saline solution

A solution consisting of a percentage of sodium chloride and distilled water that has the same osmolarity as that of body fluids