Chapter 63: The Fetal Urogenital System

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by Annabelle
178 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

cloacal exstrophy

complex malformation involving lower limb anomalies, spinal defect, anal atresia, and lower abdominal wall defect below the cord insertion involving exstrophy of the bladder and protrusion of the intestines

2

cryptorchidism

failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum

3

epispadias

abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the top side of the penis

4

fetal hydronephrosis

dilated renal pelvis in the fetus; most common fetal anomaly

5

fetal ovarian cyst

ovarian mass that results from maternal hormone stimulation and is usually benign

6

hermaphroditism

condition in which both ovarian and testicular tissues are present

7

horseshoe kidney

forms when the inferior poles of the kidney fuse while they are in the pelvis

8

hydrometrocolpos

collection of fluid in the vagina and uterus

9

hydroureters

dilated ureters

10

hypospadias

abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis

11

infantile polycystic kidney disease (IPKD)

autosomal recessive disease that affects the fetal kidneys and liver; the kidneys are enlarged and echogenic on ultrasound

12

megacystis

the level of the urethra where the urinary tract may become obstructed

13

megaureter

dilation of the lower end of the ureter; the common presentation of ureterovesical junction obstruction

14

multicystic dysplastic kidney disease (MSCK)

multiple cysts replace normal renal tissue throughout the kidney; usually causes renal obstruction

15

pelvic kidney

occurs when the kidney does not migrate upward into the retroperitoneal space

16

posterior urethral valve

occurs only in male fetuses; is manifested by the presence of a valve in the posterior urethra

17

Potter’s sequence

term used to describe renal diseases other than renal agenesis that result in renal failure and facial or structural abnormalities caused by oligohydramnios

18

Potter’s syndrome

characterized by a group of findings associated with oligohydramnios and renal failure or bilateral renal agenesis; findings include abnormally positioned extremities, wide-set eyes, low-set ears, and broad nasal bridge

19

prune belly syndrome

dilation of the fetal abdomen secondary to severe bilateral hydronephrosis and fetal ascites; fetus also has oligohydramnios and pulmonary hypoplasia

20

pyelectasis

dilated renal pelvis without involvement of the calyces

21

renal agenesis

renal system fails to develop

22

urachal cyst

a small part of the lumen of the allantois that persists while the urachus forms

23

ureterocele

congenital outpouching of the distal ureter into the bladder

24

ureteropelvic obstruction (UPJ)

junction of the ureter entering the renal pelvis; most common site of obstruction

25

ureterovesical junction (UVJ)

junction where the ureter enters the bladder

26

urethral atresia

condition that causes a massively distended bladder (prune belly)