Chapter 61: The Fetal Anterior Abdominal Wall

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1

amniotic band syndrome

rupture of the amnion that leads to entrapment or entanglement of the fetal parts by the “sticky” chorion

2

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome

group of disorders having in common the coexistence of an omphalocele, macroglossia, and visceromegaly

3

cloacal exstrophy

defect in the lower abdominal wall and anterior wall of the urinary bladder

4

encephalocele

protrusion of the brain through a cranial fissure

5

exencephaly

abnormal condition in which the brain is located outside the cranium

6

gastroschisis

opening in the layers of the abdominal wall with evisceration of the bowel (and occasionally the stomach and genitourinary organs, but rarely the liver)

7

limb-body wall complex

anomaly with large cranial defects, facial cleft, large body wall defects, and limb abnormalities

8

omphalocele

develops when there is a midline defect of the abdominal muscles, fascia, and skin that results in herniation of intraabdominal structures into the base of the umbilical cord

9

pentalogy of Cantrell

rare anomaly with five defects: omphalocele, ectopic heart, lower sternum, anterior diaphragm, and diaphragmatic pericardium

10

scoliosis

abnormal lateral curvature of the spine