Chapter 46: Clinical Ethics for Obstetric Sonography

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1

autonomy

self-governing or self-directing freedom and especially moral independence; the right of persons to choose and to have their choices respected

2

beneficence

bringing about good by maximizing benefits and minimizing possible harm

3

confidentiality

holding information in confidence; respect for privacy

4

ethics

the study of what is good and bad and of moral duty and obligation; systematic reflection on and analysis of morality

5

informed consent

providing complete information and ensuring comprehension and voluntary consent by a patient or subject to a required or experimental medical procedure

6

integrity

adherence to moral and ethical principles

7

justice

the ethical principle that requires fair distribution of benefits and burdens; an injustice occurs when a benefit to which a person is entitled is withheld or when a burden is unfairly imposed

8

morality

the protection of cherished values that relate to how persons interact and live in peace

9

nonmaleficence

refraining from harming oneself or others

10

respect for persons

incorporates both respect for the autonomy of individuals and the requirement to protect those with diminished autonomy

11

veracity

truthfulness, honesty