Chapter 44: The Role of Ultrasound in Evaluating Female Infertility

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1

assisted reproductive technology (ART)

technologies that use male and female gametes to assist the infertility patient to become pregnant; these methods include in vitro fertilization, gamete transfer and intrafallopian transfer, zygote intrafallopian transfer

2

embryo transfer

a technique that follows in vitro fertilization in which the fertilized oocytes are injected into the uterus through the cervix

3

gonadotropin

a hormonal substance that stimulates the function of the testes and ovaries

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human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

a glycoprotein secreted from placental trophoblastic cells; this chemical component is found in maternal serum and urine when a woman is pregnant

5

intrauterine insemination

the introduction of sperm into the uterus by mechanical or instrumental means rather than by sexual intercourse

6

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

a method of fertilizing the human ova outside the body by collecting the mature oocytes and placing them in a dish with a sample of sperm

7

ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)

a syndrome that presents sonographically as enlarged ovaries with multiple cysts, abdominal ascites, and pleural effusions; often seen in patients who have undergone ovulation induction after the administration of follicle-stimulating hormone or a GnRH analogue followed by hCG

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ovarian induction therapy

controlled ovarian stimulation with clomiphene citrate or parenterally administered gonadotropins