Chapter 43: Pathology of the Adnexa

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1

Adenomyosis

benign invasive growth of the endometrium into the muscular layer of the uterus

2

Chlamydia trachomatis

an organism that causes a great variety of diseases, including genital infections in men and women

3

endometrioma

localized tumor of endometriosis most frequently found in the ovary, cul-de-sac, rectovaginal septum, and peritoneal surface of the posterior wall of the uterus

4

endometriosis

a condition that occurs when functioning endometrial tissue invades sites outside the uterus

5

endometritis

infection within the endometrium of the uterus

6

hydrosalpinx

fluid within the fallopian tube

7

myometritis

infection within the myometrium of the uterus

8

oophoritis

infection within the ovary

9

parametritis

infection within the uterine serosa and broad ligaments

10

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

all-inclusive term for all pelvic infections (endometritis, salpingitis, hydrosalpinx, pyosalpinx, and tubo-ovarian abscess)

11

periovarian inflammation

enlarged ovaries with multiple cysts and indistinct margins

12

pyosalpinx

retained pus within the inflamed fallopian tube

13

salpingitis

infection within the fallopian tubes

14

tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA)

infection that involves the fallopian tube and the ovary

15

tubo-ovarian complex

fusion of the inflamed dilated tube and ovary