Chapter 42: Pathology of the Ovaries

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1

androgen

substance that stimulates the development of male characteristics, such as the hormones testosterone and androsterone

2

corpus luteum cyst

small endocrine structure that develops within a ruptured ovarian follicle and secretes progesterone and estrogen

3

cystadenocarcinoma

malignant tumor that forms cysts

4

cystadenoma

benign adenoma containing cysts

5

dermoid tumor

benign tumor composed of hair, muscle, teeth, and fat

6

endometriosis

condition that occurs when functioning endometrial tissue invades other sites outside the uterus

7

estrogen

the female hormone produced by the ovary

8

follicular cyst

benign cyst within the ovary that may occur and disappear on a cyclic basis

9

functional cyst

results from the normal function of the ovary

10

Meigs’ syndrome

benign tumor of the ovary associated with ascites and pleural effusion

11

mucinous cystadenocarcinoma

malignant tumor of the ovary with multilocular cysts

12

mucinous cystadenoma

benign tumor of the ovary that contains thin-walled multilocular cysts

13

ovarian carcinoma

malignant tumor of the ovary that may spread beyond the ovary and metastasize to other organs via the peritoneal channels

14

ovarian torsion

partial or complete rotation of the ovarian pedicle on its axis

15

paraovarian cyst

cystic structure that lies adjacent to the ovary

16

polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

endocrine disorder associated with chronic anovulation

17

pulsatility index (PI)

peak-systolic velocity minus end-diastolic velocity divided by the mean velocity

18

resistive index (RI)

peak-systolic velocity minus the end-diastolic velocity divided by the peak-systolic velocity

19

serous cystadenocarcinoma

most common type of ovarian carcinoma; may be bilateral with multilocular cysts

20

serous cystadenoma

second most common benign tumor of the ovary; unilocular or multilocular

21

simple ovarian cyst

smooth, well-defined cystic structure that is filled completely with fluid

22

surface epithelial-stromal tumors

gynecologic tumors that arise from the surface epithelium and cover the ovary and the underlying stroma

23

theca-lutein cysts

multilocular cysts that occur in patients with hyperstimulation (hydatidiform mole and infertility patients)