Chapter 41: Pathology of the Uterus

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1

adenomyosis

benign invasive growth of the endometrium into the myometrial layer that may cause heavy, painful menstrual bleeding

2

cervical polyp

hyperplastic protrusion of the epithelium of the cervix; may be broad based or pedunculated

3

cervical stenosis

acquired condition with obstruction of the cervical canal

4

curettage

scraping with a curet to remove the contents of the uterus, as is done following inevitable or incomplete abortion, to produce abortion, to obtain specimens for use in diagnosis, and to remove growths, such as polyps

5

dysmenorrhea

pain in association with menstruation

6

ectocervix

a portion of the canal of the uterine cervix that is lined with squamous epithelium

7

ectopic pregnancy

pregnancy occurring outside the uterine cavity

8

endometrial carcinoma

malignancy characterized by abnormal thickening of the endometrial cavity; usually includes irregular bleeding in perimenopausal and in postmenopausal women

9

endometrial hyperplasia

benign condition that results from estrogen stimulation to the endometrium without the influence of progestin; frequent cause of bleeding (especially in postmenopausal women)

10

endometrial polyp

pedunculated or sessile well-defined mass attached to the endometrial cavity

11

endometritis

infection within the endometrium of the uterus

12

Gartner’s duct cyst

small cyst within the vagina

13

hematometra

obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of blood

14

hydrometra

obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of fluid

15

intramural leiomyoma

most common type of leiomyoma; deforms the myometrium

16

intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD)

a device inserted into the endometrial cavity to prevent pregnancy

17

leiomyoma

most common benign gynecologic tumor to occur in women during their reproductive years

18

metrorrhea

irregular, acyclic bleeding

19

nabothian cyst

benign tiny cyst within the cervix

20

pyometra

obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of pus

21

sonohysterography

injection of sterile saline into the endometrial cavity under ultrasound guidance; also known as saline-infused sonography (SIS) or hysterosonogram

22

squamous cell carcinoma

most common type of cervical cancer

23

submucosal leiomyoma

type of leiomyoma found to deform the endometrial cavity and cause heavy or irregular menses

24

subserosal leiomyoma

type of leiomyoma that may become pedunculated and appear as an extrauterine mass

25

tamoxifen

an antiestrogen drug used to treat some carcinomas of the breast