Chapter 38: Peripheral Venous Evaluation

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by Annabelle
157 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

anterior tibial veins

drain blood from the dorsum of the foot and the anterior compartment of the calf

2

augmentation

blood flow velocity increases with distal limb compression or with the release of proximal limb compression

3

axillary vein

begins where the basilic vein joins the brachial vein in the upper arm and terminates beneath the clavicle at the outer border of the first rib

4

Baker’s cyst

fluid collection that can be found in the popliteal fossa or the upper posterior calf, associated with synovial fluid drainage

5

basilic vein

originates on the small finger side of the dorsum of the hand and enters the brachial veins in the upper arm

6

cephalic vein

begins on the thumb side of the dorsum of the hand and joins the axillary vein just below the clavicle

7

common femoral vein (CFV)

formed by the confluence of the profunda femoris and the femoral veins; also receives the greater saphenous vein

8

common iliac vein

formed by the confluence of the internal and external iliac veins

9

deep femoral vein (DFV)

travels with the profunda femoris artery to unite with the femoral vein to form the common femoral vein

10

external iliac vein

single vein that travels with the artery beginning at the level of the inguinal ligament; joins with the internal iliac vein to become the common iliac vein

11

femoral vein (FV)

originates at the hiatus of the adductor magnus muscle in the distal thigh and ascends through the adductor (Hunter’s) canal

12

gastrocnemius veins

paired veins that lie in the medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles; terminate into the popliteal vein

13

greater saphenous vein (GSV)

originates on the dorsum of the foot and ascends anterior to the medial malleolus and along the anteromedial side of the calf and thigh; joins the common femoral vein in the proximal thigh

14

innominate veins

right vein: courses vertically downward to join the left innominate vein below the first rib to form the superior vena cava; left vein: longer than the right, courses from the left chest to the right beneath the sternum to join the right innominate vein

15

internal iliac vein

single vein that travels with the internal iliac artery; drains the pelvis

16

lesser saphenous vein

originates on the dorsum of the foot and ascends posterior to the lateral malleolus and runs along the midline of the posterior calf. The vein terminates as it joins the popliteal vein. May also be called the small saphenous vein

17

perforating veins

connect the superficial and deep venous systems

18

peroneal veins

drain blood from lateral compartment of the lower leg

19

popliteal vein

originates from the confluence of the anterior tibial veins with the posterior and peroneal veins

20

posterior arch vein

main tributary of the greater saphenous vein

21

posterior tibial veins

originate from the plantar veins of the foot and drain blood from the posterior compartment of the lower leg

22

pulmonary embolism (PE)

blockage of the pulmonary circulation by foreign matter

23

respiratory phasicity

blood flow velocity changes with respiration

24

soleal sinuses

large venous reservoirs that lie in the soleus muscle and empty into the posterior tibial or peroneal veins

25

spontaneous

flow is present without augmentation

26

subclavian vein

continuation of the axillary vein; joins the internal jugular vein to form the innominate vein

27

valves

folds of the intima that temporarily close to permit blood flow in one direction only

28

varicose veins

dilated, elongated, tortuous superficial veins