Chapter 16: The Retroperitoneum

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1

Addison’s disease

condition caused by hyposecretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex

2

adenoma

smooth, round, homogeneous benign tumor of the adrenal cortex associated with Cushing’s syndrome

3

adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland

4

cortex

outer parenchyma of the adrenal gland that secretes steroid hormones, commonly called corticoids

5

Cushing’s syndrome

condition caused by hypersecretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex

6

false pelvis

portion of the pelvic cavity that is above the pelvic brim, bounded posteriorly by the lumbar vertebrae, laterally by the iliac fossae and iliacus muscles, and anteriorly by the lower anterior abdominal wall

7

hyperplasia

an increase in the number of cells of a body part that results from an increased rate of cellular division

8

lymphadenopathy

any disorder characterized by enlargement of the lymph nodes or lymph vessels

9

lymphoma

malignancy that primarily affects the lymph nodes, spleen, or liver

10

medulla

central tissue of the adrenal gland that secrets epinephrine and norepinephrine

11

neuroblastoma

malignant adrenal mass that is seen in pediatric patients

12

neuroectodermal tissue

early embryonic tissue that will eventually develop into the brain and spinal cord

13

pheochromocytoma

benign adrenal tumor that secretes hormones that produce hypertension