Chapter 20: Emergent Abdominal Ultrasound Procedures

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1

focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST)

limited examination of the abdomen or pelvis to evaluate free fluid or pericardial fluid

2

hemoperitoneum

collection of bloody fluid in the abdomen or pelvis secondary to trauma or surgical procedure

3

incarcerated hernia

imprisonment or confinement of a part of the bowel; the visceral contents cannot be reduced

4

intravenous urography (IVU)

procedure used in radiography wherein contrast is administered intravenously to help visualize the urinary system

5

peritoneal lavage

invasive procedure that is used to sample the intraperitoneal space for evidence of damage to the viscera and blood vessels

6

pseudodissection

condition seen in a patient with aortic dissection; no intimal flap is visible, only hypoechoic thrombus near the outer margin of the aorta with echogenic laminated clot

7

reducible hernia

capable of being replaced in a normal position; the visceral contents can be returned to normal intraabdominal location

8

strangulated hernia

an incarcerated hernia with vascular compromise