Chapter 17: The Peritoneal Cavity and Abdominal Wall

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1

abscess

localized collection of pus

2

ascites

accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

3

gutters

most dependent areas in the flanks of the abdomen and pelvis where fluid may accumulate

4

hemorrhage

collection of blood

5

leukocytosis

increase in the number of leukocytes (white blood cells)

6

mesentery

a fold from the parietal peritoneum that attaches to the small intestine, anchoring it to the posterior abdominal wall

7

Morison’s pouch

space anterior to the right kidney and posterior to the inferior border of the liver where ascites or fluid may accumulate or an abscess may develop

8

omentum

pouchlike extension of the visceral peritoneum from the lower edge of the stomach, part of the duodenum, and the transverse colon

9

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum

10

pyogenic

pus producing

11

sandwich sign

occurs when a vessel or organ is surrounded by a tumor on either side

12

sepsis

spread of an infection from its initial site to the bloodstream

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septicemia

infection in the blood

14

subhepatic

inferior to the liver

15

subphrenic

below the diaphragm

16

urinoma

cyst containing urine