Chapter 03: Essentials of Patient Care for the Sonographer

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by Annabelle
228 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Apnea

spontaneous breathing that stops for any reason

2

arrhythmia

any irregular heartbeat; also called dysrhythmia

3

body mechanics

the theory and practice of using the correct muscles to complete a task safely, efficiently, and without undue strain on any joints or muscles

4

bradycardia

a heart rate of less than 60 bpm

5

cyanosis

bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen in the blood

6

dyspnea

a shortness of breath or the feeling of not getting enough air, which may leave a person gasping

7

Heimlich maneuver

emergency treatment to clear an upper airway obstruction that is preventing normal breathing

8

hypertension

high blood pressure, greater than 130/90 mmHg

9

hypotension

low blood pressure, less than 115/75 mmHg

10

intravenous (IV) therapy

the practice of giving liquid substances directly into a vein

11

isolated systolic hypertension

a condition that occurs when systolic pressure is above 140 mmHg but diastolic pressure remains below 90 mmHg

12

nasal cannula

a device for delivering oxygen by way of two small tubes inserted in the nostrils

13

nasal catheter

a piece of tubing longer than a cannula that is inserted through the nostril and into the back of the patient’s mouth to provide continual oxygen

14

nosocomial infections

hospital-acquired infections

15

ostomy

a surgical procedure in which an opening is made to allow the passage of urine from the bladder or of intestinal contents from the bowel to a surgically created opening, or stoma, in the wall of the abdomen

16

oximetry

a noninvasive method of monitoring the oxygen levels within the blood

17

patient-focused care (PFC)

a national movement to recapture the respect and goodwill of the American public and to ensure that every patient receives the best possible medical care

18

prehypertension

blood pressure readings associated with prehypertension are 120 mmHg to 139 mmHg systolic pressure or an 80 mmHg to 89 mmHg diastolic pressure

19

pulse

a way to measure heart rate; recorded as beats per minute (bpm)

20

pulse pressure

the difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressures

21

respiration

the process of inhaling and exhaling air

22

standard precautions

the basic infection control guidelines used to reduce the risks of infection spread through the following three transmission modes: airborne infection, droplet infection, and contact infection

23

tachycardia

a heart rate of more than 100 bpm

24

vital signs

observable and measurable signs of life; medical measurements used to ascertain how the body is functioning