Chapter 02: Introduction to Physical Findings, Physiology, and Laboratory Data

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1

acidic

a type of solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxyl ions

2

acidosis

an actual increase in the acidity of blood due to an accumulation of acids (as in diabetic acidosis or renal disease) or an excessive loss of bicarbonate (as in renal disease)

3

alkaline

a type of solution that contains more hydroxyl ions than hydrogen ions

4

alkalosis

an actual increase in blood alkalinity due to an accumulation of alkalies or reduction of acids

5

anemia

abnormal condition in which blood lacks either a normal number of red blood cells or normal concentration of hemoglobin

6

auscultation

method of listening to the heart sounds with a stethoscope

7

bile

bile pigment, old blood cells, and the by-products of phagocytosis together are known as bile

8

buffer

chemical compound that can act as a weak acid or a base to combine with excess hydrogen or hydroxyl ions to neutralize the pH in blood

9

dysuria

painful or difficult urination

10

epigastric

above the umbilicus and between the costal margins

11

erythrocyte

red blood cell

12

erythropoiesis

production of red blood cells

13

hematochezia

passage of bloody stools

14

hematocrit

the percent of the total blood volume containing red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets

15

hemoglobin

protein in red blood cells that binds with oxygen and releases it in the capillaries of tissue

16

hypertension

high blood pressure greater than130/90 mmHg

17

hypotension

low blood pressure

18

Kupffer cells

special hepatic cells that remove bile pigment, old blood cells, and the by-products of phagocytosis from the blood and deposit them into the bile ducts

19

leukopoiesis

white blood cell formation stimulated by presence of bacteria

20

leukocyte

white blood cell

21

polycythemia

overproduction of red blood cells

22

sphygmomanometer

device used to measure blood pressure

23

suprapubic

above the symphysis pubis

24

tachycardia

heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute

25

thrombocytes

blood platelets

26

tympany

predominant sound heard over hollow organs (stomach, intestines, bladder, aorta, gallbladder)

27

umbilical

around the navel

28

urinary incontinence

the uncontrollable passage of urine