GRE Root Words

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created 7 years ago by srigot55
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updated 7 years ago by srigot55
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1

A

without

ex. amoral (neither moral nor immoral)

2

Ab/Abs

off, away from, apart down

ex. abduct (to take by force)

3

Ac/Acr

sharp, bitter

ex. acid (something that is sharp, sour, or ill-natured)

4

Act/Ag

to do
to drive
to force
to lead

ex. agile (quick and well-coordinated in movement; active, lively)

5

Ad/Al

to, toward, near

ex. adjacent (near, close, or contiguous; adjoining)

6

Al/Alj/Alter

other, another

ex. alternative (a possible choice)

7

Am

love

ex. amateur (a person who engages in an activity for pleasure rather than financial or professional gain)

8

Amb

to go
to walk

ex. ambient (moving freely; circulating)

9

Ambi/Amph

both, more than one, around

ex. ambiguous (open to various interpretations)

10

Anim

of the life, mind, soul, spirit

ex. unanimous (in complete accord)

11

Annui/Enni

year

ex. annual (of, for, or pertaining to a year; yearly)

12

Ante

before

ex. antecedent (existing, being, or going before)

13

Anthro/Andr

man, human

ex. android (robot; mechanical man)

14

Anti

Against

ex. antidote (a remedy for counteracting the effects of a poison, disease, etc.)

15

Apo

Away

ex. apology (an expression of one's regret or sorrow for having wronged another)

16

Arch/Archi/Archy

chief, principal, ruler

ex. architect (the devisor, maker, or planner of anything)

17

Auto

Self

ex. automatic (self-moving or self acting)

18

Be

to be
to have a particular quality
to exist

ex. belittle (to regard something as less impressive than it apparently is)

19

Bel/Bell

war

ex. rebel (a person who resists authority, control, or tradition)

20

Ben/Bon

good

ex. benefit (anything advantageous to a person or thing)

21

Bi

twice, double

ex. binocular (involving 2 eyes)

22

Cad/Cid

to fall
to happen by chance

ex. accident (happening by chance; unexpected)

23

Cant/Cent/Chant

to sing

ex. accent (presence of syllables in terms of pronunciation)

24

Cap/Cip/Cept

to take
to get

ex. capture (to take by force or stratagem)

25

Cap/Capit/Cipit

head, headlong

ex. capital (the city or town that is the official seat of government)

26

Card/Cord/Cour

heart

ex. encourage (to inspire with spirit or confidence)

27

Carn

flesh

ex. carnivorous (eating flesh)

28

Cast/Chast

cut

ex. cast (to throw or hurl; fling)

29

Ced/Ceed/Cess

to go
to yield
to stop

ex. predecessor (one who comes before another in an office, position, etc.)

30

Centr

Center

ex. concentrate (to bring to a common center; to converge, to direct towards one point)

31

Cern/Cert/Cret/Crim/Crit

to separate
to judge
to distinguish
to decide

ex. discrete (detached from others, separate)

32

Chron

time

ex. synchronize (to occur at the same time or agree in time)

33

Circu

around, on all sides

ex. circumference (the outer boundary or a circular area)

34

Cis

to cut

ex. scissors (cutting instrument for paper)

35

Cla/Clo/Clu

shut, close

ex. conclude (to bring to an end; finish; to terminate)

36

Claim/Clam

to shout
to cry out

ex. exclaim (to cry out or speak suddenly and vehemently)

37

Cli

to lean toward

ex. decline (to cause to slope or incline downward)

38

Co/Col/Con/Com

with, together

ex. connect (to bind or fasten together)

39

Cour/Cur

running
a course

ex. recur (to happen again)

40

Cre/Cresc/Cret

to grow

ex. accrue (to be added as a matter of periodic growth)

41

Cred

to believe
to trust

ex. incredible (unbelievable)

42

Cryp

Hidden

ex. crypt (a subterranean chamber or vault)

43

Cub/Cumb

to lie down

ex. succumb (to give away to superior force; yield)

44

Culp

blame

ex. culprit (a person guilty of an offense)

45

Dac/Doc

to teach

ex. doctor (someone licensed to practice medicine; a learned person)

46

De

away, off, down, completely

ex. descend (to move from a higher to a lower place)

47

Dem

people

ex. democracy (government by the people)

48

Di/Dia

apart, through

ex. dialogue (conversation between 2 or more persons)

49

Dic/Dict/Dit

to say
to tell
to use words

ex. dictionary (a book containing a selection of the words of a language)

50

Dign

worth

ex. dignity (nobility or elevation or character; worthiness)

51

Dis/Dif

away from, apart, reversal, not

ex. disperse (to drive or send off in various directions)

52

Dog/Dox

opinion

ex. orthodox (sound or correct in opinion or doctrine)

53

Dol

suffer, pain

ex. condolence (expression or sympathy with one who is suffering)

54

Don/Dot/Dow

to give

ex. donate (to present as a gift or contribution)

55

Dub

Doubt

ex. dubious (doubtful)

56

Duc/Duct

to lead

ex. abduct (to carry off or lead away)

57

Dur

Hard

ex. durable (able to resist decay)

58

Dys

faulty, abnormal

ex. dystrophy (faulty or inadequate nutrition or development)

59

E/Ef/Ex

out, out of, from, former, completely

ex. evade ( to escape from, avoid)

60

Epi

upon

ex. epidemic (affecting a large number of people at the same time and spreading from person to person)

61

Equ

equal even

ex. equation (the act of making equal)

62

Err

to wander

ex. error (a deviation from accuracy or correctness)

63

Esce

becoming

ex. adolescent (between childhood and adulthood)

64

Eu

good, well

ex. euphemism (pleasant-sounding term for something unpleasant)

65

Extra

outside, beyond

ex. extraordinary (beyond the ordinary)

66

Fab/Fam

speak

ex. fable (fiction tale, esp. legendary)

67

Fac/Fic/Fig/Fait/Feit/fy

to do
to make

ex. factory (building for manufacturing goods)

68

Fer

to bring
to carry
to bear

ex. offer (to present for acceptance, refusal, or consideration)

69

Ferv

to boil
to bubble

ex. fervor (passion, zeal)

70

Fid

faith, trust

ex. confide (to entrust with a secret)

71

Fin

end

ex. final (at the end; coming last)

72

Flag/Flam

to burn

ex. flammable (easily set on fire)

73

Flect/Flex

to bend

ex. deflect (to bend or turn aside from a purpose)

74

Flu/Flux

to flow

ex. fluid (substance, esp. gas or liquid, capable of flowing freely)

75

Fore

before

ex. foresight (care or provision for future)

76

Fort

Chance
Strength

ex. fortune (chance or luck in human affairs)
fortify (to provide with fortifications; strengthen)

77

Fra/Frac/Frag/Fring

to break

ex. fracture (breakage, esp. of bone)

78

Fus

to pour

ex. diffuse (to spread widely or thinly)

79

Gen

birth, creation, race, kind

ex. generous (giving or given freely)

80

Gn/Gno

know

ex. agnostic (a person who believes that the existence of God is not provable)

81

Grad/Gress

to step

ex. progress (forward movement)

82

Grat

pleasing

ex. grateful (thankful)

83

Her/Hes

to stick

ex. coherent (logically consistent), adhesive (tending to remain in memory; sticky)

84

(H)etero

different

ex. heterogeneous (of other origin)

85

(H)om

same

ex. homogeneous (of the same or similar kind in nature)

86

Hyper

over, excessive

ex. hyperactive (excessively active)

87

Hypo

under, beneath, less than

ex. hypodermic (relating to the parts beneath the skin)

88

Idio

one's own

ex. idiosyncrasy (peculiarity of temperament; eccentricity)

89

Im/In/Em/En

in, into

ex. embrace (to clasp in one's arms; to include or contain)

90

Im/In

not, without

ex. inactive (not active)

91

Inter

between

ex. interstate (connecting or jointly involving states)

92

Ject

to throw
to throw down

ex. inject (to place (quality, etc.) where needed in something)

93

Join/Junct

to meet
to join

ex. junction (the act of joining; combining)

94

Jur

to swear

ex. perjury (willful lying while on oath)

95

Lav/Lut/Luv

to wash

ex. lavatory (a room with equipment for washing hands and face)

96

Lect/Leg

to select, to choose

ex. collect (to gather together or assemble)

97

Lev

lift, light, rise

ex. relieve (to mitigate; to free from a burden)

98

Loc/Log/Loqu

word, speech

ex. dialogue (conversation, esp. in literary work)

99

Luc/Lum/Lus

light

ex. illuminate (to supply or brighten with light)

100

Lud/Lus

to play

ex. illusion (something that deceives by producing a false impression of reality)

101

Mag/Maj/Max

big

ex. magnify (to increase the apparent size of)

102

Mal/Male

bad, ill, evil, wrong

ex. malfunction (failure to function properly)

103

Man

hand

ex. manual (operated by hand)

104

Min

small
to project, to hang over

ex. minutiae (small or trivial details)
eminent (towering above others; projecting)

105

Mis/Mit

to send

ex. transmit (to send from one person, thing, or place to another)

106

Misc

mixed

ex. miscellaneous (made up of a variety of parts or ingredients)

107

Mon/Mont

to remind
to warn

ex. monitor (one that admonishes, cautions, or reminds)

108

Morph

shape

ex. amorphous (without definite form; lacking a specific shape)

109

Mort

death

ex. immortal (not subject to death)

110

Mut

change

ex. commute (to substitute; exchange; interchange)

111

Nat/Nas/Nai

to be born

ex. natural (present do to nature, not to artificial or man-made means)

112

Nic/Noc/Nox

harm

ex. innocent (uncorrupted by evil, malice, or wrongdoing)

113

Nom

rule, order

ex. astronomy (the scientific study of the universe beyond the Earth)

114

Nom/Nym/Noun/Nown

name

ex. synonym (a word having a meaning similar to that of another word of the same language)

115

Nounc/Nunc

to announce

ex. pronounce (to articulate)

116

Nov/Neo/Nou

new

ex. novice (a person new to any field or activity)

117

Ob/Oc/Of/Op

toward, to, against, over

ex. obese (extremely fat, corpulent)

118

Omni

all

ex. omnipresent (everywhere at one time)

119

Pac/Peac

peace

ex. appease (to bring peace to)

120

pan

all, everyone

ex. panorama (an unobstructed and wide view of an extensive area)

121

par

equal

ex. parity (equally, as in amount, status, or character)

122

Para

next to, beside

ex. parallel (extending in the same direction)

123

Pas/Pat/Path

feeling, suffering, disease

ex. sympathy (harmony or agreement in feeling)

124

Pau/Po/Pov/Pu

few, little, poor

ex. poverty (the condition of being poor)

125

Ped

child, education

ex. pedagogue (a teacher)

126

Ped/Pod

foot

ex. pedal (a foot-operated lever or part used to control)

127

Pen/Pun

to pay
to compensate

ex. penalty (a punishment imposed for a violation of law or rule)

128

Pend/Pens

to hang
to weight
to pay

ex. depend (to rely; to place trust in)

129

Per

completely

ex. persistent (lasting or enduring tenaciously)

130

Peri

Around

ex. perimeter (the border or outer boundary of a 2D figure)

131

Pet/Pit

to go
to seek
to strive

ex. appetite (a desire for food or drink)

132

Phil

love

ex. philosophy (the rational investigation of truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct)

133

Plac

to please

ex. placid (pleasantly calm or peaceful)

134

Ple

to fill

ex. complete (having all parts or elements)

135

Plex/Plic/Ply

to fold, twist, tangle, or bend

ex. complex (composed of many interconnected parts)

136

Pon/Pos/Pound

to put
to place

ex. component (a constituent part, elemental ingredient)

137

Port

to carry

ex. import (to bring in from a foreign country)

138

Post

after

ex. posterior (situated at the rear)

139

Pre

before

ex. precarious (dependent on circumstances beyond one's control)

140

Prehend/Prise

to take
to get
to seize

ex. surprise (to strike with an unexpected feeling of wonder or astonishment)

141

Pro

much, for, a lot

ex. prolific (highly fruitful)

142

Prob

to prove
to test

ex. probe (to search or examine thoroughly)

143

pug

to fight

ex. impugn (to challenge as false)

144

Punc/Pung/Poign

to point
to prick

ex. puncture (the act of piercing)

145

Que/Quis

to seek

ex. acquire (to come into possession of)

146

Qui

quiet

ex. tranquil (free from commotion or tumult)

147

Rid/Ris

to laugh

ex. riddle (a conundrum)

148

Rog

to ask

ex. interrogate (to ask questions of, esp. formally)

149

Sacr/Sant/Secr

sacred

ex. sacrifice (the offering of some living or inanimate thing to a deity in homage)

150

Sal/Sil/Sault/Sult

to leap, to jump

ex. insult (to treat with contemptuous rudeness)

151

Sci

to know

ex. conscious (aware of one's one's existence)

152

Scrive/Scrip

to write

ex. scribble (to write hastily or carelessly)

153

Se

apart

ex. select (to choose in preference to another)

154

Sec/Sequ

to follow

ex. second (next after the first)

155

Sed/Sess/Sid

to sit
to be still
to plot

ex. preside (to exercise management or control)

156

Sens/Sent

To Feel
to be aware

ex. sensory (of or pertaining to the senses or sensation)

157

Sol

to loosen
to free

ex. dissolve (to make a solution of, as by mixing in a liquid)

158

Spec/Spic/Spit

to look
to see

ex. perspective (one's mental view of facts, ideas, and their interrelationships)

159

Sta/Sti

to stand
to be in one place

ex. static (of bodies or forces at rest or in equilibrium)

160

Sua

smooth

ex. suave (smoothly agreeable or polite)

161

Sub/Sup

below

ex. subsidiary (serving to assist or supplement)

162

Super/Sur

above

ex. surpass (to go beyond in amount, extent, or degree)

163

Tac/Tic

to be silent

ex. tacit (unspoken understanding)

164

Tain/Ten/Tent/Tin

to hold

ex. detain (to keep from proceeding)

165

Tend/Tens/Tent/Tenu

to stretch
to thin

ex. tension (the act of stretching or straining

166

Theo

god

ex. theology (the study of divine things and the divine faith)

167

Tract

to drag
to pull
to draw

ex. tractor (a powerful vehicle used to pull farm machinery)

168

Trans

across

ex. transaction (the act of carrying on or conduct to a conclusion or settlement)

169

Us/Ut

to use

ex. abuse (to use wrongly or improperly)

170

ven/Vent

to come or to more toward

ex. intervene (to come between disputing factions, mediate)

171

Ver

truth

ex. verdict (any judgement or decision)

172

Verd

green

ex. verdant (green with vegetation, inexperienced)

173

Vi

life

ex. vivid (strikingly bright or intense)

174

Vid/Vis

to see

ex. evident (plain or clear to the sight or understanding)

175

Vil

base, mean

ex. vile (loathsome, unpleasant)

176

Voc/Vok

to call

ex. vocabulary (the stock of words used by or known to a particular person or group)

177

Vol

to wish

ex. voluntary (undertaken of one's own accord or by free choice)

178

Vor

to eat

ex. carnivorous (meat-eating)