Medical Terminology - Ch 1 & 2 general and prefixes

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Medical Terminology
Chapters 1, 2
updated 7 years ago by pippingeek
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1

a-;an-

without

2

ab-/abs-

away from

3

ad-

toward, to

4

ambi-

both, around

5

ante-

before

6

anti-

against

7

apo-

derived, separate

8

aut(o)

self

9

bi-

twice, double

10

brachy-

short

11

brady-

slow

12

cata-

down

13

circum-

around

14

co-; col-; com-; con-; cor-

together

15

contra-

against

16

de-

away from

17

di-; dif-; dir-; dis-

not, separated

18

dia-

through

19

dys-

abnormal, difficult

20

ect(o)-

outside

21

end(o)-

within

22

epi-

over

23

eu-

well, good, normal

24

ex-

out of, away from

25

exo-

external, on the outside

26

extra-

without, outside of

27

hemi-

half

28

hyper-

above normal, overly

29

hypo-

below normal

30

infra-

positioned beneath

31

inter-

between

32

intra-

within

33

iso-

equal, same

34

mal-

bad, inadequate

35

meg(a)-, megal(o)-

large

36

mes(o)-

middle, median

37

meta-

after

38

micro-

small, microscopic

39

mon(o)-

single

40

multi-

many

41

olig(o)-

few, little, scanty

42

pan-, pant(o)-

all, entire

43

par(a)-

beside, abnormal, involving two parts

44

per-

through, intensely

45

peri-

around, about, near

46

pluri-

several, more

47

poly-

many

48

post-

after, following

49

pre-

before

50

pro-

before, forward

51

quadra-, quadri-

four

52

re-

again, backward

53

retro-

behind, backward

54

semi-

half

55

sub-

less than, under, inferior

56

super-

more than, above, superior

57

supra-

above, over

58

syl-, sym-, syn-, sys-

together

59

tachy-

fast

60

trans-

across, through

61

ultra-

beyond, excessive

62

un-

not

63

uni-

one

64

acanth(o)

spiny, thorny

65

actin(o)

light

66

aer(o)

air, gas

67

alge, algesi, algio, algo

pain

68

amyl(o)

starch

69

andro

masculine

70

athero

plaque, fatty substance

71

bacilli(i)

bacilli, bacteria

72

bacteri(o)

bacteria

73

bar(o)

weight, pressure

74

bas(o), basi(o)

base

75

bio-

life

76

blasto

immature cells

77

cac(o)

bad, ill

78

calc(o), calci(o)

calcium

79

carcin(o)

cancer

80

chem(o)

chemical

81

chlor(o)

chlorine, green

82

chondr(i)o

cartilage, grainy, gritty

83

chore(o)

dance

84

chrom, chromat, chromo

color

85

chrono

time

86

chyl(o)

chyle, a digestive juice

87

chym(o)

chyme, semifluid production of chyme in the stomach

88

cine(o)

movement

89

coni(o)

dust

90

crin(o)

secrete

91

cry(o)

cold

92

crypt(o)

hidden, obscure

93

cyan(o)

blue

94

cycl(o)

circle, cycle, ciliary body

95

cyst(o), cysti

bladder, cyst, cystic duct

96

cyt(o)

cell

97

dextr(o)

right, toward the right

98

dips(o)

thirst

99

dors(o), dorsi

back

100

dynamo

force, energy

101

echo

reflected sound

102

electr(o)

electricity, electric

103

eosin(o)

red, rosy

104

ergo

work

105

erythr(o)

red, redness

106

esthesio

sensation, perception

107

ethmo

ethmoid bone

108

etio

cause

109

fibr(o)

fiber

110

fluor(o)

light, luminous, fluorine

111

fungi

fungus

112

galact(o)

milk

113

gen(o)

producing, being born

114

gero, geront(o)

old age

115

gluco

glucose

116

glyco

sugars

117

gonio

angle

118

granulo

granular

119

gyn(o), gyne, gyneco

women

120

home(o), homo

same, constant

121

hydr(o)

hydrogen, water

122

hypn(o)

sleep

123

iatr(o)

physician, treatment

124

ichthy(o)

dry, scaly, fish

125

idio

distinct, unknown

126

immuno(o)

safe, immune

127

kal(i)

potassium

128

karyo

nucleus

129

ketV, keton(o)

ketone, acetone

130

kin(o), kine

movement

131

kenesi(o), kineso

motion

132

kyph(o)

humpback

133

lact(o), lacti

milk

134

latero

lateral, to one side

135

lepto

light, frail, thin

136

leuk(o)

white

137

lip(o)

fat

138

lith(o)

stone

139

log(o)

speech, words, thought

140

lys(o)

dissolution

141

macr(o)

large, long

142

medi(o)

middle, medial plane

143

meg(a), megal(o)

large, million

144

melan(o)

black, dark

145

mes(o)

middle, median

146

micr(o)

small, one millionth, tiny

147

mio

smaller, less

148

morph(o)

structure, shape

149

narco

sleep, numbness

150

necr(o)

death, dying

151

noct(i)

night

152

normo

normal

153

nucle(o)

nucleus

154

nyct(o)

night

155

oncho, onco

tumor

156

orth(o)

straight

157

oxy

sharp, acute, oxygen

158

pachy

thick

159

path(o)

disease

160

phago

eating, devouring, swallowing

161

pharmaco

drugs, medicine

162

phon(o)

sound, voice, speech

163

phot(o)

light

164

physi, physio

physical, natural

165

physo

air, gas, growing

166

phyt(o)

plant

167

plasma, plasmo

formative, plasma

168

poikilo

varied, irregular

169

pseud(o)

false

170

pyo

pus

171

pyreto

fever

172

pyro

fever, fire, heat

173

radio

radiation, xray, radius

174

salping(o)

tube

175

schisto

split

176

schiz(o)

split, division

177

scler(o)

hardness, hardening

178

scolio

crooked, bent

179

scoto

darkness

180

sidero

iron

181

sito

food, grain

182

somat(o)

body

183

somn(o), somni

sleep

184

sono

sound

185

spasmo

spasm

186

spher(o)

round, spherical

187

spir(o)

breath, breathe

188

squamo

scale, squamous

189

staphyl(o)

grapelike cluster

190

steno

narrowness

191

stere(o)

three-dimensional

192

strepto

twisted chains, streptococci

193

styl(o)

peg-shaped

194

syring(o)

tube

195

tel(o), tele(o)

distant end, complete

196

terato

monster (as a malformed fetus)

197

therm(o)

heat

198

tono

tension, pressure

199

top(o)

place, topical

200

tox(i), toxico, toxo

poison, toxin

201

tropho

food, nutrition

202

vivi

life

203

xanth(o)

yellow

204

xeno

stranger

205

xer(o)

dry

206

xiph(o)

sword, xiphoid

207

zo(o)

life

208

zym(o)

fermentation, enzyme