Human Anatomy: Bone Type by Shape

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created 7 years ago by acaverett90
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1

List the six types of bone shape classification.

long, short, flat, irregular, pneumatic, sesamoid

2

Diaphysis

shaft of the long bone

3

epiphyses

ends of the long bone

4

describe the epiphyses

smooth and articular

5

Where is bone marrow located?

central medullary cavity

6

List the 3 types of long bones

typical, miniature, and modified

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Long bone with no medullary cavity

modified long bone

8

humerus, femur, ulna, radius

typical long bone

9

metacarpals, metatarsals, phlanges

miniature bones

10

clavicle

modified bone

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Has only 1 epiphysis

miniature bones

12

Cuboid, cuneiform, trapezoid, scaphoid

short bones

13

scapula, sternum, ribs

flat bones

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hip bones, bones at the base of the skull

irregular bones

15

sphenoid, ethmoid, maxilla

pneumatic bones

16

Form boundaries of certain body cavities

flat bones

17

form major portion of the skull and help with resonance of sound

pneumatic bones

18

patella, fabella

sesamoid bones

19

ossification occurs after birth

sesamoid bones