Human Anatomy: Bone Basics

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created 7 years ago by acaverett90
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1

Dense type of connective tissue impregnated with inorganic salts

Bone

2

What is the ratio of organic to inorganic salts in the bone?

1/3 of bone organic and 2/3 of bone inorganic

3

responsible for the rigidity and hardness of bones

inorganic salts

4

The structure of the long bone in adults has a ______________ and an _______________.

Shaft and end

5

The long middle part of the long bone in adults is called the

shaft

6

What is the long middle part of the long bone composed of?

periosteum, cortex, and medullary cavity

7

Composed of a fibrous outer layer and inner osteogenic layer

periosteum

8

Central part of the bone filled with red and yellow blood cells

medullary cavity

9

blood cell production is known as

hemopoeis

10

Where do red blood cells persist at maturity in the human long bone

cancellous (spongy) ends of the bone

11

List 4 sources of blood supply to the bone

nutrient artery, epiphyseal arteries, periosteal arteries, metaphyseal arteries

12

what is the function of most nerves

sympathetic and vasomotor