Human Anatomy: Bone Basics
Dense type of connective tissue impregnated with inorganic salts
What is the ratio of organic to inorganic salts in the bone?
1/3 of bone organic and 2/3 of bone inorganic
responsible for the rigidity and hardness of bones
The structure of the long bone in adults has a ______________ and an _______________.
Shaft and end
The long middle part of the long bone in adults is called the
What is the long middle part of the long bone composed of?
periosteum, cortex, and medullary cavity
Composed of a fibrous outer layer and inner osteogenic layer
Central part of the bone filled with red and yellow blood cells
blood cell production is known as
Where do red blood cells persist at maturity in the human long bone
cancellous (spongy) ends of the bone
List 4 sources of blood supply to the bone
nutrient artery, epiphyseal arteries, periosteal arteries, metaphyseal arteries
what is the function of most nerves
sympathetic and vasomotor