Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 2

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1

Cell

the building block of all living things

2

What are the four tissue types?

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1.Epithelial
2.Muscular
3.Nervous
4.Connective

3

Tissue

A group of cells that are similar in structure and function

4

Organ

a structure composed of 2 or more tissue types that performs a specific function

5

Organ System

group of organs that work together to perform a particular body function

6

What are the 11 organ systems?

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1. Integumentary System
2.Skeletal System
3.Muscular System
4.Nervous
5. Endocrine
6.Cardiovascular
7.Lymphatic
8.Respiratory
9.Digestive
10.Urinary
11.Reproductive

7

Function(s) of the integumentary system

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-Excretes salts and urea
-Protects internal organs from external circumstances
-Regulates body temperature
-Produces Vitamin D

8

Function(s) of the skeletal system

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-supports body & internal organs
-Cavities provide a site for blood cell formation

9

Function(s) of the Muscular system

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-contracts or shortens to allow body movement
-Generates heat

10

Function(s) of the Nervous system

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-helps to maintain homeostasis via transmission of electrical signals
-allows body to detect changes in its internal & external enviroment

11

Function(s) of the Endocrine System

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-helps maintain homeostasis
-promotes growth and development
-produces hormones

12

Function(s) of the Cardiovascular System

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-transports blood vessels and blood
-transports blood to and from tissue cells

13

FUnction(s) of the Lymphatic system

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-protects the body against infection and other foreign substances
-cleanses blood of pathogens and other debris

14

Function(s) of the Respiratory system

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-supplies blood with oxygen while removing carbon dioxide

15

Function(s) of the Digestive system

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-breaks down food to particles that can be absorbed into the blood

16

Function(s) of the Urinary system

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-rids urea, uric acid, and other wastes
-maintains water, electrolyte, and acid-based balance of food

17

Function(s) of the Reproductive System

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- provides sperm & eggs