Biomedical Terminology Exam 1

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created 11 years ago by ShanellD
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Exam Ch 1-15
updated 10 years ago by ShanellD
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9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade, College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year, Graduate school, Professional
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1

abdomin/o

abdomen

2

acr/o

extremities, top extreme

3

aden/o

gland

4

adip/o

fat

5

amni/o

amnion

6

angi/o

vessel

7

arteri/o

artery

8

arthr/o

joint

9

axill/o

armpit

10

bacteri/o

bacteria

11

bi/o

life

12

blephar/o

eyelid

13

bronch/o

bronchial tubes

14

bucc/o

cheek

15

carcin/o

cancer

16

cardi/o

heart

17

cephal/o

head

18

chem/o

drug, chemical

19

cis/o

to cut

20

carp/o

wrist bone

21

cost/o

rib

22

mal

bad

23

poly

many

24

son/o

sound

25

urethr/o

urethra

26

tox/o

poison

27

mort/o

death

28

micro

small

29

neo

new

30

cec/o

cecum

31

cheil/o

lip

32

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

33

choledoch/o

common bile duct

34

col/o
colon/o

colon large intestine

35

an/o

anus

36

Andr/o

adrenal gland

37

anter/o

front

38

append/o
appendic/o

appendix

39

bil/i

bile, gall

40

cerebr/o

cerebrum

41

cervic/o

neck, cervix

42

chol/e

bile, gall

43

cholangi/o

bile vessel

44

chondr/o

cartilage

45

chrom/o

color

46

chron/o

time

47

coccyg/o

coccyx

48

crani/o

skull

49

crin/o

secrete

50

cry/o

cold

51

crypt/o

hidden

52

cutane/o

skin

53

cyst/o

urinary bladder

54

cyt/o

cell

55

dactyl/o

fingers, toes

56

dent/i

tooth

57

derm/o
dermat/o

skin

58

dips/o

thirst

59

dist/o

far, distant

60

dors/o

back

61

duoden/o

duodenum

62

electr/o

electricity

63

encephal/o

brain

64

enter/o

small intestine

65

episi/o

vulva

66

erythr/o

red

67

esophag/o

esophagus

68

faci/o

face

69

flex/o

bend

70

gastr/o

stomach

71

gingiv/o

gum

72

gloss/o

tongue

73

glyc/o
gluc/o

sugar

74

glycogen/o

animal starch

75

gnos/o

knowledge

76

gynec/o

woman, female

77

hem/o
hemat/o

blood

78

hepat/o

liver

79

herni/o

hernia

80

hist/o

tissue

81

hydr/o

water

82

hyster/o

uterus, womb

83

iatr/o

physician,treatment

84

ile/o

ileum

85

immun/o

immune, protection, safe

86

inguin/o

groin

87

jejun/o

jejunum

88

labi/o

lip

89

lact/o

milk

90

lapar/o

abdominal wall, abdomen

91

laryng/o

larynx, voicebox

92

later/o

side

93

leuk/o

white

94

lingu/o

tongue

95

lip/o

fat, lipid

96

lith/o

stone

97

lumb/o

lower back

98

lymph/o

lymph

99

mamm/o
mast/o

breast

100

mandibul/o

lower jaw, madible

101

medi/o

middle

102

men/o

menses, menstruation

103

metr/o
metri/o

uterus, womb

104

morph/o
mort/o

shape, form

105

muc/o

mucus

106

my/o

muscle

107

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

108

nat/i

birth

109

necr/o

death

110

nephr/o

kidney

111

neur/o

nerve

112

noct/o

night

113

nucle/o

nucleus

114

o/o
ov/o
ovul/o

egg

115

obstetr/o

pregnancy, childbirth

116

odont/o

tooth

117

onc/o

tumor

118

oophor/o

ovary

119

ophthalm/o

eye

120

or/o

mouth

121

orch/o
orchi/o
orchid/o

testis

122

oste/o

bone

123

ot/o

ear

124

ovari/o

overy

125

ox/o

oxygen

126

palat/o

palate

127

pancreat/o

pancreas

128

path/o

disease

129

ped/o

pelvis, hip region

130

pelv/i

pelvis, hip region

131

pen/o

penis

132

peritone/o

peritoneum

133

phag/o

eat swallow

134

pharyng/o

throat, phrynx

135

phleb/o

vein

136

plas/o

development, formation, growth

137

pleur/o

pleura

138

pneumon/o

lung, air, gas

139

poster/o

back, behind

140

proct/o

anus and rectum

141

prostat/o

prostate gland

142

proxim/o

near

143

psych/o

mind

144

pulmon/o

lung

145

py/o

pus

146

pyel/o

renal pelvis

147

pylor/o

pyloric sphincter

148

radi/o

x-ray

149

rect/o

rectum

150

ren/o

kidney

151

rhin/o

nose

152

sarc/o

flesh

153

sect/o

to cut

154

seps/o

infection

155

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

156

somn/o

sleep

157

sperm/o
spermat/o

sperm cells, spermatozoa

158

spin/o

spine

159

splen/o

spleen

160

stomat/o

mouth

161

test/o

testis

162

thorac/o

chest

163

thromb/o

clot

164

thyr/o

thyroid gland

165

tonsill/o

tonsil

166

trache/o

windpipe, trachea

167

umbilic/o

navel

168

ur/o
urin/o
uria

urine

169

ureter/o

ureter

170

uter/o

uterus

171

uvul/o

uvula

172

vagin/o

vagina

173

varic/o

vericose veins

174

vas/o

vessel, duct

175

ven/o

vein

176

ventr/o

belly side of body

177

verterb/o

vertebrae

178

viscer/o

internal organs

179

vulv/o

vulva

180

zo/o

animal life

181

post

after

182

pre

before

183

primi

first

184

pro

before, forward

185

pseudo

false

186

re

back, again, backward

187

retro

behind, back. backward

188

sub

under, below

189

supra

above

190

syn
sym

together, with

191

tachy

fast

192

trans

across, through

193

ultra

beyond, excess

194

uni

one

195

a
an

no, not, without

196

ab

away from

197

ad

toward

198

ante

before, forward

199

anti

against

200

aut
auto

self, own

201

bi

two

202

brady

slow

203

contra

against, opposite

204

de

lack of, down, less, removal of

205

dia

complete, through

206

dys

bad, painful, difficult, abnormal

207

ec
ecto

out, outside

208

en
end
endo

in, within

209

epi

above, upon, on

210

eu

good, normal

211

ex
exo

out, away from

212

hemi

half

213

hyper

above, excessive

214

hypo

deficient, below, under, less than normal

215

in

in, into, not

216

intra

within, into

217

inter

between

218

macro

large

219

meta

change, beyond

220

multi

many

221

nulli

none

222

pan

all

223

para

near, beside, abnormal

224

per

through

225

peri

surrounding

226

ac
iac

pertaining to

227

al

pertaining to

228

algia

pain

229

ar
ary

pertaining to

230

blast

immature cell, embryonic

231

cele

hernia

232

centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

233

crine

secrete, seperate

234

cyesis

pregnancy

235

cyte

cell

236

dynia

pain

237

eal

pertaining to

238

ectasia
ectasis

dilation, widening

239

ectomy

removal

240

emesis

vomiting

241

emia

blood condition

242

er

one wwho

243

genesis

producing, forming

244

gen
genic

substance that produces,produced by or in

245

gram

record

246

graph

instrument for recording

247

graphy

process of recording

248

iasis

abnormal condition

249

ic
ical

pertaining to

250

ist

specialist

251

itis

inflammation

252

lapse

slide, fall, sag

253

logy

study of

254

lysis

complete separation,breakdown

255

malacia

softening

256

megaly

enlargement

257

meter

measure

258

oid

resembling

259

or

one who

260

oma

tumor

261

opsy

view of

262

ose
ous

full of, pertaining to

263

osis

condition, usually abnormal

264

parous

to bear, bring forth

265

partum

birth, labor

266

pathy

disease

267

penia

deficiency

268

pepsia

digestion

269

pexy

fixation, to put in place

270

phagia

condition of eating, swallowing

271

phobia

afraid, fear

272

phoria

feeling, mental state, to bear, carry

273

plasia

development, formation, growth

274

plasm

formation, structure

275

plasty

surgical repair

276

pnea

breathing

277

ptosis

falling, drooping

278

ptysis

spitting

279

rrhage
rrhagia

bursting forth (of blood)

280

rrhaphy

suture

281

rrhea

flow, discharge

282

sclerosis

hardening

283

scope

instrument for visual examination

284

spasm

sudden contraction of a muscle

285

stasis

stopping, controlling

286

stenosis

tightening, stricture

287

stomy

new opening

288

therapy

treatment

289

tic

pertaining to

290

tomy

process of cutting

291

tripsy

crushing

292

throphy

nourishment, development

293

acetabul/o

acetabulum

294

adenoid/o

adenoids

295

alveol/o

alveolus

296

ankyl/o

stiff

297

aort/o

aorta

298

articul/o

joint

299

ather/o

plaque

300

atri/o

atrium

301

brachi/o

arm

302

bronchiol/o

bronchiole

303

bura/o

bursa

304

calc/o
calci/o

calcium

305

calcane/o

Calcaneus; heel bone

306

carp/o

carpal; wrist bones

307

caus/o

burn, burning

308

cerebell/o

cerebellum

309

cholesterol/o

cholesterol

310

clavicul/o

clavicle; collar bone

311

coagul/o

coagulation, clotting

312

comat/o

deep sleep

313

cyn/o

blue

314

dur/o

dura mater

315

epiglott/o

epiglottis

316

fasci/o

fascia

317

femor/o

femur; thigh bone

318

fibul/o

fibula

319

hemoglobin/o

hemoglobin

320

humer/o

humerus; upper arm bone

321

ili/o

ilium

322

is/o

same, equal

323

ischi/o

ischium

324

kines/o
kinesis

movement

325

kypph/o

humpback

326

ligament/o

ligament

327

lob/o

lobe

328

lord/o

cure; swayback

329

lymphaden/o

lymph gland

330

malleol/o

malleolus

331

mandibul/o

mandible; lower jaw bone

332

dosri

back

333

polio

gray matter

334

quadri

four

335

alges/o
algesia

sensitivity to pain

336

apheresis

removal

337

constriction

narrowing

338

cytosis

condition of cells

339

dilation

widening

340

edema

swelling

341

esthesia
esthesi/o

nervous sensation

342

lepsy

seizure

343

lytic

destroying, separating

344

paresis

weakness

345

phage
phasia

swallowing, to eat

346

plegia

paralysis

347

porosis

condition of pores

348

thorax

chest

349

tome

instrument to cut

350

maxill/o

maxilla

351

mediatin/o

mediastinum

352

mining/o
meningi/o

meninges

353

metacarp/o

metacarpals; hand bones

354

metatars/o

metatarsals; foot bones

355

mon/o

one, single

356

myocardi/o

myocardium

357

myx/o

mucus

358

nas/o

nose

359

olecran/o

olecranon; elbow

360

orth/o

straight

361

ox/o

oxygen

362

patell/o

patella; knee cap

363

pelv/i

pelvis

364

pericardi/o

pericardium

365

phalang/o

phalanges

366

phon/o

voice

367

pleur/o

pleura

368

pneum/o

lung

369

pub/o

pubis

370

radi/o

radius

371

radicul/o

nerve root

372

rheumat/o

watery flow

373

rrhythm/o

rhythm

374

scapul/o

scapula; shoulder bone

375

scoli/o

crooked, bent s curve

376

sinus/o

sinus

377

spir/o

to breathe

378

stern/o

sternum

379

synov/o

synovial membrane

380

tars/o

tarsus; hindfoot bone

381

ten/o
tendin/o

tendon

382

tibi/o

tibia; shin bone

383

thym/o

thymus gland

384

tonsill/o

tonsil

385

uln/o

ulna; medial lower arm bone

386

valv/o
valvul/o

valve

387

vascul/o

vessel(blood)

388

ventricul/o

ventricle

389

AD

Alzheimer disease

390

AIDS

auto immunodeficiency syndrome

391

ALS

amyotropic lateral sclerosis; Lou Gehrig disease

392

BM

bowel movement

393

BP

blood pressure

394

C-section

cesarean section

395

Cath

catheter

396

CBC

complete blood(cell) count

397

CCU

coronary care unit

398

CHF

congestive heart failure

399

CNS

central nervous system

400

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

401

CO2

carbon dioxide

402

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

403

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

404

CT SCAN

computed tomography

405

D&C

dilation and curettage

406

DPT

diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus(vaccine)

407

DO

doctor of osteopathy

408

ECG
EKG

electrocardiogram

409

ECHO

echocardiography

410

EEG

electroencephalogram

411

ELISA

enxyme-linked immunosorbent assay; hiv test

412

EMG

electromyogram

413

G-TUBE

...

414

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

415

GB

gallbladder

416

GI

gastrointestinal

417

GYN

gynecology

418

HBV
HCV

hepatitis b virus
hepatitis c virus

419

HDL

high density lipoprotien

420

LDL

low density lipoprotien

421

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

422

ICU

intensive care unit

423

IUD

intrauterine device

424

MI

myocardial infarction

425

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

426

MS

multiple sclerosis

427

NG TUBE

nasogastric tube

428

NPO

nothing by mouth

429

OA

osteoarthritis

430

OB

obstetrics

431

ORIF

open reduction plus internal fixation

432

ORTHO

orthopedics

433

O2

oxygen

434

OT

occupational therapy

435

Path

...

436

PET

positron emission tomography

437

pH

potential hydrogen

438

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

439

PT

prothrombin time

440

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

441

ROM

range of motion

442

RBC

red blood cells

443

WBC

white blood cells

444

SOB

shortness of breath

445

STD

sexually transmitted disease

446

TENS

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulstion

447

TIA

transient ischemic attack

448

THR

total hip replacement

449

TKR

total knee replacement

450

TB

tuberculosis

451

TBI

...

452

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

453

UA

unstable angina

454

URI

upper respiratory infection

455

UTI

urinary tract infection

456

WNL

within normal limits