Pathology terms endocrine system

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1

acromegaly

type of hyperpituitarism in which an overactive pit. gland causes abnormal continued growth of bones and tissues of the face and extremities

2

Addison disease

illness characterized by gradual adrenal- gland failure, resulting in insufficient production of steroid hormones

3

congenital hypothyroidism

congenital condition of thyroid hormone deficiency, characterized by arrested physical and mental development

4

cushing disease

disorder caused by hypersecretion of cortisol by the adrenal gland, resulting in altered fat distribution and muscle weakness

5

diabetes insipidus

disorder unrealated to diabetes mellitus, characterized by excessive output of dilute urine

6

diabetic ketoacidosis

condition of severe hyperglycemia

7

diabetes mellitus

chronic metabolic disorder in which the pancreas secretes insufficient amounts of insulin or the body is insulin resistant

8

dwarfism

hypo secretion of growth hormone during childhood, resulting in an abnormally small adult

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exophthalmos

abnormal protrusion of the eyeballs

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gestational diabetes

diabetes that begins during pregnancy due to insulin resistance and altered glucose metabolism

11

giantism

type of hyperpituitarism that causes hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood, resulting in an abnormally large adult

12

goiter

enlarged thyroid gland

13

Graves disease

hyperthyroidism caused by an autoimmune response which may cause exophthalmos

14

Hashimoto disease

chronic, inflammatory condition that leads to the most common type of thyroiditis

15

hirutism

male pattern of body hair developed in females

16

hyperaldosteronism

condition in which adrenal glands release excessive aldolsterone

17

hyperparathyroidism

condition in which the parathyroid glands produce an excessive amount of PTH

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hypoparathyroidism

condition in which the parathyroid glands are hypoactive and the PTH is low

19

myxedema

severe form of hypothyroidism that develops in the older child or adult, causing nonpitting edema in the conn. tissue

20

nondiabetic hypoglycemia

condition in which a nondiabetic person experiences mild symptoms associated with low blodd glucose

21

panhypopituitarism

condition resulting from diminished secretion of the pit. hormones

22

pheochromocytoma

tumor of the adrenal medulla usually benign

23

pituitary dwarfism

reduces growth and development, due to a deficiency of GH

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polydipsia

much thirst

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polyuria

much urination

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polyphagia

much appetite

27

precocious puberty

premature onset of puberty with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics in young children

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retinopathy

disease of the retina, often caused by diabetes

29

thyrotoxicosis

severe episode of worsening symptoms of hyperthyroidism