Art History- Final Exam

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created 7 years ago by lonerbeth
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1. Etruscan and Roman Art 2. Early Medieval Art 3. Jewish, Early Chrstian, and Byzantine Art 4. Romanesque Art 5. Gothic Art of 12th & 13th Centuries
updated 7 years ago by lonerbeth
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art history
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1

Etruscan and Roman Art

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Reconstruction and Plan of an Etruscan Temple

Based on descriptions by Vitrovius

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Apollo

-c. 510-500 BCE
-Temple of Minerva
-Portenaccio, Veii, Italy

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Tomb of Reliefs

Burial chamber carved out of rock
-third century BCS
-Cerveteri, Italy

Etruscan

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Sarcophagus with Reclining Couple

-520 BCE
-Cerveteri, Italy
-Made of terracotta

Etruscan

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Pont du Gard

-late 1st century
-Nimes, France
-Made of concrete

Republican Period

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Temple of Portunus

-late 2nd century
-Forum Boarium, Rome, Italy
-Ionic pseudo-peripteral temple

Republican Period

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Augustus of Pirmaporta

-early 1st century
-Made of marble

Early Empire: Augustan Art

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House of Vettiii, peristyle garden

-c. 62-79 CE (rebuilt)
-Pompeii, Italy

Early Empire: Julio-Claudians

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Initiation of Rites of the Cult of Bacchus

-c. 60-50 BCE
-Villa of the Mysteries
-Pompeii, Italy
-Marble

Early Empire: Julio-Claudians

Paintings tell a story.

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Arch of Titus

-c. 81 CE
-Rome, Italy
-concrete and white marble
-50ft

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Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum)

-c. 70-80 CE
-Rome, Italy
-concrete and marble
-Began Vespasian 70 CE, done under Titus 80 CE
-Entertainment--> gladiator fights, Roman girls raped and killed by baboons

Flavians

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Pantheon

-c. 118-128 CE
-Rome, Italy
-concrete
**Romans first to make free standing dome

High Imperial Art of Trajan and Hadrian

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Dome of Pantheon

-diameter: 143 inches
-brick, concrete, marble, veneer
-there's an oculus
-squares and circles!

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Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

-c. 176 CE
-Museo Capitolino, Rome, Italy
-Bronze
-Orig. gilded
-Objects of propaganda

****Started to develop bronze statue

High Imperial Art of Trajan and Hadrian

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Floor plan of the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine (Basilica Nova)

-c. 306-313 CE
-Rome, Italy
-concrete

Late Empire: Constantine

Uses:
-place of law
-a school in apse and nave
-as politics
-Christians used as church. Apse (east) - birth; Entrance (west) - death; groin vault

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Jewish, Early Christian, and Byzantine Art

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The Finding of Baby Moses

-c 244-245 CE
-Dura-Europos, Syria

Jewish Art

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Good Shephard, Orants, and Story of Jonah

-late 3rd century - early 4th century CE
-Rome, Italy

Christian Art

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Old Saint Peter's Basilica

c. 320 -27 CE
Rome,Italy

Imperial Christian Architecture and Art

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Church of Santa Costanza

c. 350 CE
Rome, Italy

Imperial Christian Architecture and Art

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Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Church of Hagia Sophia

c. 532-37 CE
Istanbul, Turkey

Early Byzantine Art

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Church of San Vitale

under construction c.520 CE
consecrated 547 CE
mosaics c.546-48 CE

Ravenna, Italy

Early Byzantine Art

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Emperor Justinian and His Attendants

North wall of the apse
Church of San Vitale
conserated 547 CE
Ravenna, Italy

Early Byzantine Art

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Empress Theodora and Her Attendants

-South wall of the apse
-Church of San Vitale
-consecrated 547 CE
-craft art/mosaic
Ravenna, Italy

Early Byzantine Art

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David the Psalmist

-page from the Paris Psalter
-second half of the 10th century

**painted with gold on vellum. Used for private reading and meditation

Middle Byzantine Art

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Early Medieval Art in Europe

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Purse Cover

-first half of the 7th century CE
-made with cloisonne plaques, gold
-Hiberno Saxton style

Early Medieval Art: Early Middle Ages

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Page with Man, Gospel Book of Durrow

-second half of the 7th century CE
-Iona, Scotland or northern England
-interlacings, carpet page

Early Medieval Art: Early Middle Ages

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Chi Rho Iota Page, form the Book of Kells

-late 8th or early 9th century CE
-oxgall ink

Early Medieval Art: Early Middle Ages

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Plan of the Abbey of Saint Gall (Redrawn)

-c. 817 CE
-St. Gallen, Switzerland

Early Medieval Art: Carolingian Empire

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Page with Mark the Evangelist

Book: Godescalc Gospel Lectionary

Early Medieval Art: Carolingian Empire

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Page with Saint Matthew the Evangelist

Book: Coronation Gospels

Early Medieval Art: Carolingian Empire

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Page with Matthew the Evangelist

Book: Ebbo Gospels

Early Medieval Art: Carolingian Empire

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Crucifixion with Angels and Mourning Figures

Book: Lindau Gospels

***Jewels represents heavenly walls of Jerusalem
-Ruby: Passion of Christ
-Emerald: Life
-Pearl: Purity
-Sapphire: Sorrow of Virgins or Heavens
-Yellow: Divine light

Early Medieval Art: Carolingian Empire

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Queen's Ship

-c. 815-20 CE
-Oseberg, Norway

Early Medieval Art: Viking Era

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Doors of Bishop Bernward

Abbey Church of Sint Michael
-c. 1,015 CE
-Hildesheim, Germany

Early Medieval Art: Ottoman Europe

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Romanesque Art

Art meant to incite fear

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Flight into Egypt

MUST KNOW. IDK THE PIC. :(

c. 1,125 CE
-capital from the choir
-Cathedral of Saint-Lazare, Autun, France

Romanesque Art

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John of Worcester
Those Who Work: Those Who Fight: those Who Pray-The Dram of Henry I, Worchester Chronicles

Manuscript
-c. 1,140 CE
-Worcester, England

Romanesque Art

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Cathedral of Saint James

Santiago De Compostela
-c. 1,078-1,122 CE
-Galicia, Spain

Romanesque Art

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Church of Saint-Etienne

-facade c. 1,096-1,100 CE
-Caen, France

Romanesque Art

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Gislebertus, Last Judgement

-c. 1,120-30 CE or 1,130-45 CE
-Tympanum on West Portal
-Cathedral of Saint-Lazare, Autun, France

Romanesque Art: Architecture

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Suicide of Judas

-c. 1,125 CE
-Capital, Cathedral of Saint-Lazare, Autun, France

Romanesque Art

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The Bayeux Tapestry

c. 1,066-82 CE
-Canterbury, Kent, England, or Bayeux Normandy, France
-Linen with wool threads

****Scene: William's soldiers prepare a feast from food gathered from the city of Hastings

Romanesque Art

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The Mouth of Hell, Winchester Psalter

-c. 1,150 CE
-Winchester, England
-Ink and tempera on vellum.

Romanesque Art: Cloister craft

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Gothic Art of the 12th & 13th Centuries

Early --> below 120 ft.
Higher---> over 120 ft., More than one row. Skeletal arms are decorative.

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Abbey Church of Saint-Denis --> West Facade

-c. 1,135-1,140 CE
-choir: c. 1,140-44 CE
-nave: 1,231-81 CE
-Saint Denis, France

Early Gothic Architecture

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Cathedral Notre-Dame de Paris

-began c. 1,163 CE
-Interior: 6 part vaults, 4 part vaults
-sexpartite vault
-point arches

Early Gothic Architecture

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Cathedral Notre Dame de Chartes --> West Facade

-began c. 1,134 CE
-Chartes, France
-two rows of flying buttresses(decorative skeleton)

High Gothic Architecture

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Royal Portal --> West Facade

Chartes Cathedral
-c. 1,145-55 CE
-Chartes, France

High Gothic Architecture

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Plan of Chartes Cathedral

c. 1,194-1,220 CE
-Chartes, France

High Gothic Architecture

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Nave of Chartes Cathedral

-c. 1,194-1,220 CE
-Chartes, France

High Gothic Architecture

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Tree of Jesse (Within Notre Dame de Chartes)

**West Facade, High Gothic

landscape window

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Rose Window and Lancets

**North Facade, High Gothic