PCA stands for what?
Patient controlled analgesia
Nubain and Pentazocine have what effect that reaches a maximum analgesic effect and no more?
Nubain, Stadol, and Talwin are agonist-antagonist/partial agonist/mixed agonist drugs and cause _________ response than full agonist drugs.
_______ reverses respiratory depression caused by opioids.
________ analgesics should never be used in a patient that has had a head injury, has risk for respiratory depression, has intercranial pressure, or severe asthma.
Morphine __________ intercranial pressure.
__________ analgesics should not be used in patients who are morbidly obese, have sleep apnea, paralytic ileus, or are pregnant.
Euphoria, CNS depression, respiratory depression, urinary retention and constipation, diaphoresis and flushing, nausea, vomiting, pupil constriction (miosis), and itching are all adverse effects of _________ analgesics.
Naloxone (Narcan), and naltrexone (Revia) are used in the management of opioid __________.
Fentanyl (Duragesic) is a opioid transdermal patch that should be changed when?
Every 3-7 days
Meperidine (Demerol) can cause __________.
Methadone is used as a ___________ treatment.
Acetaminophen has a maximum daily dose of ________mg/day.
Opioid drugs should be held if patient respirations are below _____resp/min.
Patient education of opioid use should include an increase in ________ and _________ to counteract constipation.
Fluids and fiber
Antiinflammatories inhibits __________ aggregation.
What kind of antiinflammatories have the ceiling effect?
What antiinflammatories can cause GI bleeding, ulcers, and erosions, worsen renal impairment, tinnitus, pulmonary edema, liver toxicity and rash?
Tinnitus is a common side effect of what antiinflammatory treatment?
Misoprostol (Cytotec) is used to decrease the dangerous effects of tubular necrosis but should bot be used in what type of patient?
An NSAID should not be taken within _____ hours of taking an antacid.
NSAIDS ________ the effects of beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, and the absorption of anilipemics.
NSAIDS _________ the effects of anticoagulants, and digoxin toxicity.
Patients 12 years old and younger experiencing flu-like symptoms should never be given _________ due to Reye's Syndrome.
Ascriptin is a combination of _________ and antacid.
Diflunisol (Dolobid), choline magnesium trisalicylate (Trilisate), and salsalate (Salsitab) are all _________ based drugs.
Tinnitus, hearing loss, and metabolic acidosis are all signs of chronic aspirin ________.
Ketorlac (Toradol) is a powerful analgesic given to patients with __________ __________.
Celoxib (Celebrex) should never be given to a patient with a __________ allergy.
Relafen (Nabumetone) is only used for the treatment of _______ and ________ arthritis.
Osteo and rheumatoid
___________ is an antiinflammatory that should be avoided in patients taking ACE inhibitors.
Ibuprofen, naproxen, and oxaprozin have a _________ effect, which means they have a maximum analgesic effect and no more.
_________ is the drug of choice for acute gout pain.
Cochicine can cause a decrease in WBC called _________.
Colchicine should be administered 1 hour before a meal of ______ hours after.
Allopurinol (Zyloprim) have contraindications with alcohol and ________.
___________ is used concurrently with PCN to prevent its excretion and increase the levels of the PCN to prolong its effect.
Glucosamine and Chondroitin increase the effects of _________ and insulin resistance.
Benzodiazepines __________ activity in the CNS.
Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of __________ withdrawal as well as anti-anxiety, and epilepsy.
Flurazepam (Dalmane) can give morning _________ that is more common in the elderly.
Triazolam (Halcion) is used for short term treatment of ___________.
Flumazenil (Romzicon) is used as a reversal agent of __________.
A patient experiencing benzodiazepine toxicity such as somnolence, confusion, and coma should never undergo what blood filtering treatment that is common in other drug toxicity management?
Barbituates should never be given to _________ women and those with respiratory and liver dysfuntion.
Alcohol, opioid, MOA inhibitors all _________ the effects of barbituates.
Barbitutates ________ the effect of anticoagulants.
A ___________ monitor should be used when a patient is given phenobarbital IV.
A patient should never be given ________ ____ ________ to induce vomiting in a patient with barbituate toxicity.
Syrup of ipecac
Baclofen and cyclobenazaprine cause ___________ relaxation.
Dantrolene (Dantrium) can be used to reverse the muscle rigidity and increase temperature in _________ _________.
Phenobarbital is used in the treatment of __________ __________ and febrile seizures.
Therapeutic levels of phenobarbital are ______-______mcg/mL.
Phenytoin (Dilantin) can cause urine to turn the color of ______ ______.
Therapeutic levels of phenytoin (Dilantin) are between ______ and ________ mcg/mL.