anatomy and physiology chapter 13, Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 9 years ago by bethannmurphy
945 views
test review
updated 9 years ago by bethannmurphy
Subjects:
anatomy and physiology 1
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

what are merkel cells? what are there function? where are they located? and they encapsulated or unencapsulated?

Located in the basil layer of the epidermis of the skin. Light touch receptors (mechanoreceptors). give rise to hair to make goose bumps. they are unencapsulated.

2

what are meissener corpuscles?

Mechanoreceptors.

3

Where are meisenner corpuscles located?

dermal papillae of hairless skin. particularly nipples, external genitalia, finger tips, soles of feet, and eyelids

4

What do meisenner corpuscles do?

light pressure receptors, discriminative touch, vibration of low frequency. readily adapting

5

are meisenner corpuscles encapsulated or unencapsulated?

encapsulated

6

What are pacinian corpuxles? (lamellated corpuscles)

...

7

what is an exteroceptor?

a receptor that receives external stimuli.

8

What is a proprioceptor?

a receptor that senses relative position of neighboring body parts. located in muscles joints tendons and inner ear.

9

what is an interoceptor?

a receptor that detects stimulus within the body, such as blood pressure or blood oxygen level

10

what are pacinian corpuscles?

receptors that sense deep pressure and stretch, vibration at a high frequency. rapidly adapting

11

Where are pacinian corpuscles located?

located in the dermis, hypodermis, periosteal, mesentery, tendons, ligaments, joint capsules, most abundant on fingers, soles of feet, external genitalia and nipples.

12

Are pacinian corpuscles en capsulated or unenapsulated?

encapsulated.

13

What are ruffini endings?

mechanorecptors (deep pressure and stretch) slow or non-adapting

14

where are ruffini endings located?

deep in dermis, hypodermis, and joint capsules.

15
card image
card image

16
card image
card image

17
card image
card image

18
card image
card image

19

The olfactory _____ ______ arise from olfactory ________ _____ and pass through the __________ _____ of the _______ ____ to synapse in the olfactory ____

The olfactory nerve fibers arise from olfactory receptor cells and pass through the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone to synapse in the olfactory bulb

20

What is the mnemonic for the cranial nerves? (I didn't make this up) and what are their names.

Oh, oh, oh, to touch and feel (a) virgin girls vagina and hymen. Olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, (a), vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory, hypoglossal.

21

what is the mnemonic for whether nerves are motor or sensory?

some say marry money, but my brother says big boobs matter more.

22

What is anopsia?

a medical defect that entails loss of vision. usually only affecting one area causing only partial blindness.

23

What is anosmia?

lack or loss of smell

24

What is the lateral geniculate nucleus?

primary relay center for visual information received from the retina of the eye.

25

Where is the lateral geniculate nucleus located?

in the thalamus

26

Which nerves derives from the superior orbital fissure and what is the mnemonic?

"Live Frankly To See Absolutely No Insult" - for Lacrimal, Frontal, Trochlear, Superior Division of Oculomotor, Abducens, Nasociliary and Inferior Division of Oculomotor nerve

27

What are the parasympathetic function of the ciliary muscle?

flattens lens for far vision

28

lack of hearing

...

29

how many branches does the trigeminal nerve have?

three

30

What foramen does the trigeminal nerve derive from?

...

31

Where does each branch of the trigeminal nerve go?

...

32

What is the muscle of mastication?

...

33

What is pterygoid palatine ganglia?

...

34

What does the cochlear nerve derive from and what does it do?

vestibulocochlear nerve and it carries sound waves from the cochlea to the inner ear to the brain.

35

What does the vestibular nerve derive from and what does it do?

transmits sensory information

36

What muscle does the glossopharyngeal (crnial nerve nine) innervate?

stylopharyngeus muscle

37

What is the parotid gland ganglia called? and what does it do?

Otic ganglion. salivation.

38

study nine 7 ad 5 very well.

...

39

Where does cranial nerve 11 enter and exit? and what does it do?

enters at foremen magnum exits at jugular foreman

40

What is internal acoustic meatus?

...

41

what is the phrenic nerve

...

42

What is the function of musculocotaneous? what group?

flexion of the anterior arm. sensation of the forearm.

43

Is the median nerve flexor or extender?

flexor

44

ulnar nerve flexor of 1 and 1/2

...

45

Is the radial nerve floxor or extensor? and which part of the arm?

extensor. back part of arm.

46

What does the axillary nerve innervate?

deltoid and teres minor, come skin of shoulder sensation.

47

What nerve innervates the rhomboid muscle?

dorsal scapula

48

What does the long thoracic nerve go innervate?

serratus anterior muscle

49

What muscle does the suprascapular go to?posterior division on the femoral nerve

supraspinous and infrapsinous muscles, shoulder joint

50

What are the nerve roots of the femoral nerve?

L2-L4

51

What does the femoral nerve serve?

...

52

What nerve innervates rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastud lateralis, and vastus intermidias?

poserior division of the femoral nerve

53

what nerve innervates pectineous, sartorius?

anterior division of the femoral nerve.

54

What innervates adductor magnus, longus, and brewis. Grascilias muscle of medial_____.

obturator, thigh

55

What are the branches of the sciatic?

common fibular, tibial sural, deep fibular, superficial fibular.