Intro to Philosophy Final

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1

John Stuart Mill believed that

one should seek general happiness

2

In terms of what did G.E. Moore define goodness

he claimed that it could not be defined

3

The attempt to understand the sources and criteria of moral value judgements is known as

metaethics

4

What is the name of the influential publication by John Rawls

A Theory of Justice

5

Which of the following is the political philosophy based on traditions and practices

conservatism

6

Which of the following is not a proponent of "intelligent design"

Richard Dawkins

7

What kind of an argument did Kant use to justify the rationally of belief in God

moral

8

Why does Robert Nozick believe that any state that goes beyond the minimal state is unjust

such a state will violate a persons natural entitled rights

9

Which of the following is a system that elects executive and legislative and have not state ownership of business but provide social safety net for the old and the sick

democratic socialism

10

Which of the following developed what she called "maternal thinking"

Sara Ruddick

11

According to mary Wollstonecraft, which of the following virtues should be cultivated in woman as well as men

wisdom

12

According to Leibniz, what is the sufficient reason for the changing of the seasons

God

13

St. Thomas Aquinas first 3 ways are all versions of which sort of argument

cosmological

14

Given his epistemological standards what characteristic must all of Descartes arguments for God posses

they must all be based on sensory experience

15

Who wrote "one is not born but rather become a woman"

Simone de Beauvoir

16

Her focus is the demonstrate that language doesnt exist outside the individual who is doing the writing

Helene Cixous

17

Which of the following is representative of the "first way" of feminist philosophy

Harriet Taylor

18

According to Confucius, this principle governs both the well-ordered family and the well-ordered state

principle of the mean

19

What must one do to discover ultimate reality and truth according the Hui Neng, 6th patriarch of Ch'an Buddhism

give up false attachments and selfish intersets

20

Which did Dogen advocate

parental mind

21

Why do post colonial societies generally value and education in philosophy

it promotes consciousness raising necessary to overcome colonialism and promote justice

22

The emergence of colonialism in the 15th century was associated with which nation

spain and portugal

23

What do all post colonial thinkers recommend that is needed to restore a good life to oppressed people

justice

24

Which element of Latin-American thought directly challenged the dominance of Roman Catholic metaphysics

marxism

25

Martin Luther king was strongly influenced by this writer

Mahatma Gandhi

26

From whence came the ideas of economics justice used in the remaking of post colonial india

from imported british values

27

Karl Marx viewed history as the struggle between 2 classes, what were they

a dominant class that owns and controls the means of production and a subordinate class that doesnt

28

What did Anselm believe about proving Gods existence

you could do it using just the concept of God as the greatest being conceivable

29

What tends to be true of words associated with women, their occupations and their bodies in a male-dominated society

they get devalued and take on demeaning degrading and insulting senses

30

What is not true of hinduism

it has no scriptures or holy writings

31

What is the central doctrine of the Upanishads

the identity of Brahman and Atman

32

What is the main cause of human suffering, according to siddhartha Guatama

ignorance and selfish craving

33

Which best describes what sarte means by good faith

taking responsibility for the choices we make

34

Which is true of Jurgen Habermas

he is a marxian

35

Which view maintains that mental states just are states of the brain and central nervous system

identity theory

36

Which of the following is an ontological issue

whether selves exist

37

The just or well ordered soul manifests which virtue, according to Plato

all of the above

38

Which desires did Epicureans say you should occasionally satisy

those that are natural but not necessary

39

Where does more evil come from, according to St. Augustine

misdirected love

40

What is evil, according to Socrates and Plato

ignorance of the good

41

What is the form of the ideal healthy state, according to Plato

it is an aristocracy ruled by an elite group of intellecutally superior individuals

42

What is not true of the natural law, for St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas

when there is a conflict between it and human law, human law takes precedence

43

What is true, moral freedom, according to the later Rousseau

obedience to the general will

44

What is a syllogism

kind of inference

45

Which ancient philosphical tradition did Plontius represent

Neoplatonism

46

What do Pyrrhonic skeptics maintain

people should suspend judgement on all issues

47

Which argument did St. Augustine use to refute total academic skepticism

when i am doubting, it follows automatically, i exist bc i am a doubter

48

How did St. Thomas Aquinas distinguish philosophy from theology

philosophy is based on reason while theology is based on divine revelation and faith

49

Which view did Aquinas accept

a physical thing are composed of matter plus form

50

What did Aquinas maintain concerning the human soul

it is a direct creation of God

51

Which claim did Descartes used to establish the certainity of his own existence

i think, therefore i am

52

Anne Conway advocated what sort of metaphysics

monadology

53

What did Benedict Spinoza think a person is

a substance with God and with nature

54

What is the self, according to Hume

a succesive perceptions

55

What is perception for Immuanel Kant

the application of the mind to sense impressions

56

What does Kant mean by the noumental world

the world as it really is, independently of our knowledge of it .

57

What is the highest reality for Hegel

infinite thought reflects on itself

58

Which philosophical tradition includes existentialism and phenomenology

contiental philosophy

59

How can we give life purpose in a purposeful world, according to Camus

revolt against the absurd

60

Who is a philosopher in the original sense of the world

a lover, and purser of wisdom, regardless of the subject matter

61

Which is a common characteristic of philosophical questions

they involve real life ethical dilemmas

62

In philosophy, what is an argument

giving a reason for accepting it

63

What are Thales, Anazimenes, and Anaximander collectively known as

the Milesans

64

What is the cause of change for Empedocles

love and stife

65

What did the atomists do

they held that all things are composed of physical atoms

66

How are the forms apprehended according to Plato

by reason, intellectually

67

Plato held forms apprehended, what were they

theory of knowledge
theory of love and being
theory of forms

68

The theory of forms by Plato are

unchanging, unmoving, and indivisible

69

3 of Platos more enlighting and well-known dialogs are

apology, republic and meno

70

For Plato the ultimate way of knowing and realizing truth was through

forms

71

Aristotles primary area of interest was

metaphysics

72

What is a thing, according to Aristotle

a combination of a hunk of matter with a certain form

73

What did Aristotle say about all change

it is a movement from potentially to acutality

74

What fallacy is it when an arugment is againt the person rather than the persons belief

Argumentum hominem

75

Which is the branch of philosophy that studies issues judegment about art

aesthics

76

Which of the following branches of philosophy does not involve questions related to values

metaphysics

77

What does the branch of philosophy called metaphysics study

being

78

What does the branch of philosophy called epistemology study

knowledge

79

What was the essence of reality for Heraclitus

change

80

Aristotles works include all of the following except

confessions

81

What was clarity and distinctness a mark of Rene Descrates

turth

82

Which claim about God did Anne Conway make

God is an eternal creator, existing outside the dimension of time

83

What do we directly observe according to David Hume

Sense impressions

84

What was the fundamental philosophical question for Albert Camus

is there any reason not to commit suicide

85

Critical theory is associated with which philosopher

Jurgen Habermas

86

Which view about truth is common to all pragmatics

truth is relative to place,time,and purpose

87

According to logical atomism, what does the world ultimately consist of

atomic facts

88

Which view maintains that mental words like "hope", "belief", or "desire" do not refer to thing at all, whether physical or nonphysical

behaviorism

89

Which view maintains that, although mental states require a physical system to exist they are not reducible to states of any particular physical system

functionalism

90

How is knowledge of good obtained, according to Plato

by reason

91

What are the principles of morality ultimately based on according to Immanual Kant

reason

92

In which of the following was the power of the Supreme court to declare law unconstitutional established

Marbury vs Madison

93

After his trail and convictino for "corrupting" the minds of young men and for not believing in cities Gods Socrates died by

drinking hemlock

94

How many souls did Aristotle believe humans have

3