Chapter 22 and cumulative exam

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1

Function of the conducting zone

provides a fairly rigid conduits for air to reach the gas exchange sites.

2

which zone cleanses, humidifies and warm incoming air

conducting zone

3

passageway connecting nasal cavity to larynx and oral cavity to esophagus

pharynx

4

houses the tonsils

pharynx

5

passageway for air and food

pharynx

6

connects pharynx to trachea

larynx

7

had framework of cartilage and dense connective tissue

larynx

8

house vocal folds

larynx

9

prevents food from entering lower respiratory tract

larynx

10

mucosa-lined, air filled cavities in cranial bones surrounding nasal cavity

paranasal sinuses

11

descends from the larynx through the neck and into the mediastinum

trachea

12

located posterior to the nasal cavity, inferior to the sphenoid bone, and superior to the level of the soft palate

nasopharynx

13

serves only as an sir passageway

nasopharynx

14

formed by the fusion of two cartilage plates

thyroid cartilage

15

forms part of the lateral and posterior walls of the larynx

arytenoid cartilage

16

anchors the vocal folds

arytenoid cartilage

17

composed of elastic cartilage and is almost entirely covered by a taste bud-containing mucosa

epiglottis

18

guardian of the airways

epiglottis

19

one of the microscopic air sacs of the lungs

alveolus

20

one of the two large branches of the trachea that lead to the lungs

bronchus

21

branching air passageways inside the lungs that are smaller the 1 mm in diameter

bronchioles

22

the point where the trachea branches into the two main bronchi

carina

23

high sensitive and violent coughing is triggered when a foreign object makes contact with it

carina

24

covers the thoracic wall and superior face of the diaphragm

parietal pleura

25

continues around the heart and between the lungs, forming lateral walls of the mediastinal enclosure and snugly enclosing the lung root

parietal pleura

26

covers the external lung surface, dipping into and lining it fissures

visceral pleura