Exam II Culture Sketches

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1

The Nuer
Subsistence

Pastoralsits, semi-nomadic

2

The Nuer
Social Structure

segmentary lineage organization
Egalitarian

3

The Nuer
Religion

Spirits of Above
Spirits of Below

4

The Nuer
"The People"

Naath

5

The Nuer
Neutral party; ritually cleanses the slayer

Leopard-Skin Chief

6

The Nuer
spirit, creator; similar to monotheistic god

Kwoth

7

The Nuer
smaller spirits tied to clans and lineages

Spirits of the Earth

8

The Nuer
Spirits possesed through illness
"great spirits"
"spirits of the air"

Spirits of Above

9

The Nuer
individual or familial gods

Kuth

10

The Nuer
permanent possession resulting in spiritual gifts

Gwan kwoth

11

The Nuer
specific death deemed selective

Colwic

12

Trobriand Islanders
Subsistence

Horticulture and Fishing
Yams and pork

13

Trobriand Islanders
Social Structure

Matrilineal

14

Trobriand Islanders
Religion

Magic and reincarnation
poison magic

15

Trobriand Islanders
mother's matrilineage smaller than Kumila

Dala

16

Trobriand Islanders
one of four maternal clans fixed at birth

Kumila

17

Trobriand Islanders
islands where spirit goes after death and new child is created from previous spirit

Tuma

18

Trobriand Islanders
kin that organizes the burial and exchange rituals related to burial

"owner" kin

19

Trobriand Islanders
kin related distantly or by marriage prepares sick person to go to Tuma

"worker" kin

20

Trobriand Islanders
sorcery typically used at night

poison magic

21

Trobriand Islanders
shell exchange that incorporates several islands

Kula ring

22

Trobriand Islanders
white armshells; move counterclockwise

Mwali

23

Trobriand Islanders
red shell necklaces; move clockwise

Bagi

24

Trobriand Islanders
bundles made from banana leaves to carry currency

Doba

25

Trobriand Islanders
One studied men while the other studied women

Malinowski vs Weiner

26

Trobriand Islanders
brother and sister relationships linked to aids

sovasova

27

The Tiwi
Subsistence

Hunter/Gatherers

28

The Tiwi
social structure

matrilineal
band organization

29

The Tiwi
Religion

World of Unborn
World of Living
World of Dead

30

The Tiwi
taboo; anything forbidden

pukamani

31

The Tiwi
initiation ceremony into adulthood

Kulama

32

The Minangkabau
Social structure

Matrilineal

33

The Minangkabau
Religion

Adat and Islam

34

The Minangkabau
Subsistence

wet rice cultivation
agriculture

35

The Minangkabau
historical legend of origin explaining the first nagari (village local group)

Tambo

36

The Minangkabau
one of four matriclans

Suku

37

The Minangkabau
one of six lineages divided from suku

Kaum

38

The Minangkabau
neighborhood in which members of a kuam live

kmpuang

39

The Minangkabau
traditional house that holds 4 generations

Ruman gadang

40

The Minangkabau
ancestral land passed from mother to daughter(s)

Harto Pusako

41

The Minangkabau
idea of unanimous decision making

Muafakat

42

The Minangkabau
"customary law" separated into 4 (nature, social organization, local, and daily customs & practices)

Adat

43

The Minangkabau
Adat and Islam rule. ruled by three kings (world, religion, adat)

Dual Decent System

44

The Minangkabau
"one mother" relationship between mother and child

Semande

45

The Minangkabau
head of household responsible for the welfare of his sisters children and who represents family in village affairs

Mamak

46

The Minangkabau
male migration

merantu

47

The Kaluli
Social Structure

Patrilineal clans
egalitarian

48

The Kaluli
Subsistence

swidden horticulture

49

The Kaluli
Religion

unseen world
witches and mediums

50

The Kaluli
what marriage is reffered to because brothers are releasing sisters

sister exchange

51

The Kaluli
children learn this at age of three with proper phrasing (hard vs soft)

Reciprocity

52

The Kaluli
reflection of pople in the unseen world

Shadows

53

The Kaluli
witches

seis

54

The Kaluli
formal ceremony shared among neighboring longhouses in which volunteer dancers represent pain and sadness

Gisaro

55

The Azande
Subsistence

shifting cultivation agriculture

56

The Azande
Religion

witchcraft and oracles
mbori created the world (not supreme)

57

The Azande
Social structure

chiefs

58

The Azande
causes sleeping sickness

tse-tse fly

59

The Azande
poison oracle used by men and never questioned

Benge

60

The Azande
warriors relationship with boy apprentices; stopped when married

boy-wives

61

The Azande
main trickter used in moral stories

Ture

62

The Azande
witchcraft substance that can be inherited

Mangu