Respiratory Systems Pathology Terms

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created 10 years ago by msmush22
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1

acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

lung injury that develops secondary to some other lung trauma or disorder

2

allergic rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal membranes

Caused by: allergies

3

asbestosis

breathing asbestos fibers

4

asthma

narrowing and inflammation of airway

5

atelectasis

at-e-LEK-ta-sis

partial collapse of alveoli and tiny airways of lung

6

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

first aid skill to help restore breathing and cirulation

7

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

alveolar sacs are destroyed and severe SOB (shortness of breath) results

8

coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP)

inhalation of coal dust

9

coryza

inflammation of nasal mucosa, common cold

10

crackles

crackly lung sound
retained secretions or sudden opening of collapsed airway in lungs

11

croup

viral disease, barking "seal-like" cough

12

cystic fibrosis (CF)

genetic disease causes frequent respiratory infections

13

deviated septum

nasal septum is displaced to the side, causing the two nares (nasal passages) to be unequal

14

emphysema

abnormal increase in the size of the air space to terminal bronchiole and destruction of alveolar walls,

loss of normal elasticity, progressive dyspnea

15

epistaxis

bleeding from the nose

16

hemoptysis

coughing up blood from respiratory tract

17

hemothorax

collection of blood withing intrapleural space

lung compression and respiratory distress

18

histoplasmoisis

repiratory disease

fungus found in soil from bird dropping

19

hypercapnia

chronic retention of CO2,

mental cloudiness and lethargy

20

influena

viral respiratory illness

flu

21

laryngitis

inflammationof the larynix

temp hoarseness or loss of voice

22

legionellosis

bacterial lung infection

23

nasal polyps

tissue growths on nasal or sinal mucosa

24

obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

dysfunctional breathing occurs when upper airway blocked during sleep

25

orthopnea

labored breathing while lying flat

improves when sitting up

26

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx,

sore throat

27

pleural effusion

excess collection of fluid in intrapleural space

28

pleurisy

pleurae become inflamed, sharp inspiratory chest pain

29

pneumoconiosis

inhalation of dust particles

30

pneumonia

bacterial or viral infection of the lungs

31

pneumothorax

collapsed lung

air collect in intrapleural space

32

pulmonary embolism (PE)

sudden obstruction of pulmonary blood vessel by debris, blood clot or other matter

33

pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)

contagious affecting the lungs can spread to other organs

caused by: Mycobacterium tuberculosis

34

rhonchi

gurgling sound heard in lungs,

secreting in the air passages

35

silicosis

inhalation of silica (quartz) dust

36

sinusitis

inflammation of the lining of the sinus cavities

37

stridor

high pitched upper airway sound,

airway obstruction; medical emergency

38

upper respiratory infection (URI)

inflammation of upper wairway structures

common cold

39

wheez

musical sound heard in the lungs

partial airway obstruction (such as with asthma)