behavioral social and environmental factors

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created 6 years ago by ryan9004
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updated 6 years ago by ryan9004
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pathology
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1

biomedical model

cure/disease
problem w/ health= pathology/condition
problem w/ system= impairment

2

health status measured by:

birth/death rates, life expectancy, morbidity, quality of life, risk factors

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leading causes of death in the US

obesity, alcoholism, sedentary life style and tobacco use, 65% of all deaths caused by cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes

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health is more dependent on:

genetic variation, environmental factors, sociocultural factors, and health behaviors

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disparities within a population

socioeconomic status, health care, language differences, nutrition,

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life expectancy men, women, projected status

men:75
Women:80
Projected to decline b/c of obesity

7

modifiable risk factors that lead to functional decline:

-slow gait, depression, low exercise level, obesity, short action benzodiazepine use
-weak grip strength is an indicator of decline in vigorous activity

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non-modifiable risk factors that lead to functional decline:

age, education, co-morbidities, cognitive function, history of smoking, previous spine fx

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socioeconomic status:

most adverse characteristic, higher income= better health, 90% of health care money spent in last 2 years of life

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physical activity definition:

bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that expend energy

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exercise benefits:

reduce functional decline, maintain cardiovascular function, weight control, improved metabolism, maintain strength, reduce osteoporosis, cognitive function, reduce disease risk factors, improve sleep patterns

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obesity

-multiple systems
-morbid obesity: bmi of>40
-a central nervous system mediated neuroendocrine dysfunction

13

Benzodiazapine

look at hand out